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Richard II
The Life and Death of King Richard the Second

1595–1596

William Shakespeare's signature

William Shakespeare


This is the Bookwise complete ebook of Richard II by William Shakespeare, available to read online as an alternative to epub, mobi, kindle, pdf or text only versions. For information about the status of this work, see Copyright Notice.


Summary

The Life and Death of King Richard the Second, commonly called Richard II, is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written around 1595. It is based on the life of King Richard II of England (ruled 1377–1399) and chronicles his downfall and the machinations of his nobles. It is the first part of a tetralogy, referred to by some scholars as the Henriad, followed by three plays about Richard's successors: Henry IV, Part 1; Henry IV, Part 2; and Henry V.

Source: Wikipedia

Dramatis Personæ

Dramatis Personæ

King Richard II

Sir John Bushy

Sir John Bagot

Sir Henry Green

Richard’s friends

Richard’s Queen

Queen’s Ladies-in-waiting

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster

Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, son to John of Gaunt, and later King Henry IV

Duchess of Gloucester, widow to Thomas, Duke of Gloucester

Edmund, Duke of York

Duchess of York

Duke of Aumerle, Earl of Rutland, son to Duke and Duchess of York

York’s Servingmen

Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk

Lord Marshal

First Herald

Second Herald

officials in trial by combat

Earl of Salisbury

Bishop of Carlisle

Sir Stephen Scroop

Lord Berkeley

Abbot of Westminster

Welsh Captain

supporters of King Richard

Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland

Lord Ross

Lord Willoughby

Harry Percy, son of Northumberland, later known as “Hotspur”

supporters of Bolingbroke

Lord Fitzwater

Duke of Surrey

Another Lord

Gardener

Gardener’s Servingmen

Groom of Richard’s stable

Keeper of prison at Pomfret Castle

Sir Pierce of Exton

Servingmen to Exton

Lords, Attendants, Officers, Soldiers, Servingmen, Exton’s Men


ACT 1


Scene 1

Enter King Richard, John of Gaunt, with other Nobles and Attendants.

KING RICHARD
line 0001Old John of Gaunt, time-honored Lancaster,
line 0002Hast thou, according to thy oath and band,
line 0003Brought hither Henry Hereford, thy bold son,
line 0004Here to make good the boist’rous late appeal,
5line 0005Which then our leisure would not let us hear,
line 0006Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray?
line 0007GAUNTI have, my liege.
KING RICHARD
line 0008Tell me, moreover, hast thou sounded him
line 0009If he appeal the Duke on ancient malice
10line 0010Or worthily, as a good subject should,
line 0011On some known ground of treachery in him?
GAUNT
line 0012As near as I could sift him on that argument,
line 0013On some apparent danger seen in him
line 0014Aimed at your Highness, no inveterate malice.
KING RICHARD
15line 0015Then call them to our presence.

An Attendant exits.

line 0016Face to face
line 0017And frowning brow to brow, ourselves will hear
Act 1 Scene 1 - Pg 9 line 0018The accuser and the accusèd freely speak.
line 0019High stomached are they both and full of ire,
20line 0020In rage deaf as the sea, hasty as fire.

Enter Bolingbroke and Mowbray.

BOLINGBROKE
line 0021Many years of happy days befall
line 0022My gracious sovereign, my most loving liege.
MOWBRAY
line 0023Each day still better other’s happiness
line 0024Until the heavens, envying earth’s good hap,
25line 0025Add an immortal title to your crown.
KING RICHARD
line 0026We thank you both. Yet one but flatters us,
line 0027As well appeareth by the cause you come:
line 0028Namely, to appeal each other of high treason.
line 0029Cousin of Hereford, what dost thou object
30line 0030Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray?
BOLINGBROKE
line 0031First—heaven be the record to my speech!—
line 0032In the devotion of a subject’s love,
line 0033Tend’ring the precious safety of my prince
line 0034And free from other misbegotten hate,
35line 0035Come I appellant to this princely presence.—
line 0036Now, Thomas Mowbray, do I turn to thee;
line 0037And mark my greeting well, for what I speak
line 0038My body shall make good upon this earth
line 0039Or my divine soul answer it in heaven.
40line 0040Thou art a traitor and a miscreant,
line 0041Too good to be so and too bad to live,
line 0042Since the more fair and crystal is the sky,
line 0043The uglier seem the clouds that in it fly.
line 0044Once more, the more to aggravate the note,
45line 0045With a foul traitor’s name stuff I thy throat,
line 0046And wish, so please my sovereign, ere I move,
Act 1 Scene 1 - Pg 11 line 0047What my tongue speaks my right-drawn sword may
line 0048prove.
MOWBRAY
line 0049Let not my cold words here accuse my zeal.
50line 0050’Tis not the trial of a woman’s war,
line 0051The bitter clamor of two eager tongues,
line 0052Can arbitrate this cause betwixt us twain.
line 0053The blood is hot that must be cooled for this.
line 0054Yet can I not of such tame patience boast
55line 0055As to be hushed and naught at all to say.
line 0056First, the fair reverence of your Highness curbs me
line 0057From giving reins and spurs to my free speech,
line 0058Which else would post until it had returned
line 0059These terms of treason doubled down his throat.
60line 0060Setting aside his high blood’s royalty,
line 0061And let him be no kinsman to my liege,
line 0062I do defy him, and I spit at him,
line 0063Call him a slanderous coward and a villain,
line 0064Which to maintain I would allow him odds
65line 0065And meet him, were I tied to run afoot
line 0066Even to the frozen ridges of the Alps
line 0067Or any other ground inhabitable
line 0068Wherever Englishman durst set his foot.
line 0069Meantime let this defend my loyalty:
70line 0070By all my hopes, most falsely doth he lie.
BOLINGBROKEthrowing down a gage
line 0071Pale trembling coward, there I throw my gage,
line 0072Disclaiming here the kindred of the King,
line 0073And lay aside my high blood’s royalty,
line 0074Which fear, not reverence, makes thee to except.
75line 0075If guilty dread have left thee so much strength
line 0076As to take up mine honor’s pawn, then stoop.
line 0077By that and all the rites of knighthood else
line 0078Will I make good against thee, arm to arm,
line 0079What I have spoke or thou canst worse devise.
Act 1 Scene 1 - Pg 13 MOWBRAYpicking up the gage
80line 0080I take it up, and by that sword I swear
line 0081Which gently laid my knighthood on my shoulder,
line 0082I’ll answer thee in any fair degree
line 0083Or chivalrous design of knightly trial;
line 0084And when I mount, alive may I not light
85line 0085If I be traitor or unjustly fight.
KING RICHARD
line 0086What doth our cousin lay to Mowbray’s charge?
line 0087It must be great that can inherit us
line 0088So much as of a thought of ill in him.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0089Look what I speak, my life shall prove it true:
90line 0090That Mowbray hath received eight thousand nobles
line 0091In name of lendings for your Highness’ soldiers,
line 0092The which he hath detained for lewd employments,
line 0093Like a false traitor and injurious villain.
line 0094Besides I say, and will in battle prove,
95line 0095Or here or elsewhere to the furthest verge
line 0096That ever was surveyed by English eye,
line 0097That all the treasons for these eighteen years
line 0098Complotted and contrivèd in this land
line 0099Fetch from false Mowbray their first head and
100line 0100spring.
line 0101Further I say, and further will maintain
line 0102Upon his bad life to make all this good,
line 0103That he did plot the Duke of Gloucester’s death,
line 0104Suggest his soon-believing adversaries,
105line 0105And consequently, like a traitor coward,
line 0106Sluiced out his innocent soul through streams of
line 0107blood,
line 0108Which blood, like sacrificing Abel’s, cries
line 0109Even from the tongueless caverns of the earth
110line 0110To me for justice and rough chastisement.
line 0111And, by the glorious worth of my descent,
line 0112This arm shall do it, or this life be spent.
Act 1 Scene 1 - Pg 15 KING RICHARD
line 0113How high a pitch his resolution soars!—
line 0114Thomas of Norfolk, what sayst thou to this?
MOWBRAY
115line 0115O, let my sovereign turn away his face
line 0116And bid his ears a little while be deaf,
line 0117Till I have told this slander of his blood
line 0118How God and good men hate so foul a liar.
KING RICHARD
line 0119Mowbray, impartial are our eyes and ears.
120line 0120Were he my brother, nay, my kingdom’s heir,
line 0121As he is but my father’s brother’s son,
line 0122Now by my scepter’s awe I make a vow:
line 0123Such neighbor nearness to our sacred blood
line 0124Should nothing privilege him nor partialize
125line 0125The unstooping firmness of my upright soul.
line 0126He is our subject, Mowbray; so art thou.
line 0127Free speech and fearless I to thee allow.
MOWBRAY
line 0128Then, Bolingbroke, as low as to thy heart,
line 0129Through the false passage of thy throat, thou liest.
130line 0130Three parts of that receipt I had for Calais
line 0131Disbursed I duly to his Highness’ soldiers;
line 0132The other part reserved I by consent,
line 0133For that my sovereign liege was in my debt
line 0134Upon remainder of a dear account
135line 0135Since last I went to France to fetch his queen.
line 0136Now swallow down that lie. For Gloucester’s death,
line 0137I slew him not, but to my own disgrace
line 0138Neglected my sworn duty in that case.—
line 0139For you, my noble Lord of Lancaster,
140line 0140The honorable father to my foe,
line 0141Once did I lay an ambush for your life,
line 0142A trespass that doth vex my grievèd soul.
line 0143But ere I last received the sacrament,
line 0144I did confess it and exactly begged
Act 1 Scene 1 - Pg 17 145line 0145Your Grace’s pardon, and I hope I had it.—
line 0146This is my fault. As for the rest appealed,
line 0147It issues from the rancor of a villain,
line 0148A recreant and most degenerate traitor,
line 0149Which in myself I boldly will defend,
150line 0150And interchangeably hurl down my gage
line 0151Upon this overweening traitor’s foot,

He throws down a gage.

line 0152To prove myself a loyal gentleman,
line 0153Even in the best blood chambered in his bosom;
line 0154In haste whereof most heartily I pray
155line 0155Your Highness to assign our trial day.

Bolingbroke picks up the gage.

KING RICHARD
line 0156Wrath-kindled gentlemen, be ruled by me.
line 0157Let’s purge this choler without letting blood.
line 0158This we prescribe, though no physician.
line 0159Deep malice makes too deep incision.
160line 0160Forget, forgive; conclude and be agreed.
line 0161Our doctors say this is no month to bleed.—
line 0162Good uncle, let this end where it begun;
line 0163We’ll calm the Duke of Norfolk, you your son.
GAUNT
line 0164To be a make-peace shall become my age.—
165line 0165Throw down, my son, the Duke of Norfolk’s gage.
KING RICHARD
line 0166And, Norfolk, throw down his.
line 0167GAUNTWhen, Harry, when?
line 0168Obedience bids I should not bid again.
KING RICHARD
line 0169Norfolk, throw down, we bid; there is no boot.
MOWBRAY
170line 0170Myself I throw, dread sovereign, at thy foot.

Mowbray kneels.

line 0171My life thou shalt command, but not my shame.
line 0172The one my duty owes, but my fair name,
Act 1 Scene 1 - Pg 19 line 0173Despite of death that lives upon my grave,
line 0174To dark dishonor’s use thou shalt not have.
175line 0175I am disgraced, impeached, and baffled here,
line 0176Pierced to the soul with slander’s venomed spear,
line 0177The which no balm can cure but his heart-blood
line 0178Which breathed this poison.
line 0179KING RICHARDRage must be withstood.
180line 0180Give me his gage. Lions make leopards tame.
MOWBRAYstanding
line 0181Yea, but not change his spots. Take but my shame
line 0182And I resign my gage. My dear dear lord,
line 0183The purest treasure mortal times afford
line 0184Is spotless reputation; that away,
185line 0185Men are but gilded loam or painted clay.
line 0186A jewel in a ten-times-barred-up chest
line 0187Is a bold spirit in a loyal breast.
line 0188Mine honor is my life; both grow in one.
line 0189Take honor from me and my life is done.
190line 0190Then, dear my liege, mine honor let me try.
line 0191In that I live, and for that will I die.
KING RICHARDto Bolingbroke
line 0192Cousin, throw up your gage. Do you begin.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0193O, God defend my soul from such deep sin!
line 0194Shall I seem crestfallen in my father’s sight?
195line 0195Or with pale beggar-fear impeach my height
line 0196Before this out-dared dastard? Ere my tongue
line 0197Shall wound my honor with such feeble wrong
line 0198Or sound so base a parle, my teeth shall tear
line 0199The slavish motive of recanting fear
200line 0200And spit it bleeding in his high disgrace,
line 0201Where shame doth harbor, even in Mowbray’s face.
KING RICHARD
line 0202We were not born to sue, but to command,
line 0203Which, since we cannot do, to make you friends,
line 0204Be ready, as your lives shall answer it,
Act 1 Scene 2 - Pg 21 205line 0205At Coventry upon Saint Lambert’s day.
line 0206There shall your swords and lances arbitrate
line 0207The swelling difference of your settled hate.
line 0208Since we cannot atone you, we shall see
line 0209Justice design the victor’s chivalry.—
210line 0210Lord Marshal, command our officers-at-arms
line 0211Be ready to direct these home alarms.

They exit.


Scene 2

Enter John of Gaunt with the Duchess of Gloucester.

GAUNT
line 0212Alas, the part I had in Woodstock’s blood
line 0213Doth more solicit me than your exclaims
line 0214To stir against the butchers of his life.
line 0215But since correction lieth in those hands
5line 0216Which made the fault that we cannot correct,
line 0217Put we our quarrel to the will of heaven,
line 0218Who, when they see the hours ripe on Earth,
line 0219Will rain hot vengeance on offenders’ heads.
DUCHESS
line 0220Finds brotherhood in thee no sharper spur?
10line 0221Hath love in thy old blood no living fire?
line 0222Edward’s seven sons, whereof thyself art one,
line 0223Were as seven vials of his sacred blood
line 0224Or seven fair branches springing from one root.
line 0225Some of those seven are dried by nature’s course,
15line 0226Some of those branches by the Destinies cut.
line 0227But Thomas, my dear lord, my life, my Gloucester,
line 0228One vial full of Edward’s sacred blood,
line 0229One flourishing branch of his most royal root,
line 0230Is cracked and all the precious liquor spilt,
20line 0231Is hacked down, and his summer leaves all faded,
line 0232By envy’s hand and murder’s bloody ax.
Act 1 Scene 2 - Pg 23 line 0233Ah, Gaunt, his blood was thine! That bed, that
line 0234womb,
line 0235That metal, that self mold that fashioned thee
25line 0236Made him a man; and though thou livest and
line 0237breathest,
line 0238Yet art thou slain in him. Thou dost consent
line 0239In some large measure to thy father’s death
line 0240In that thou seest thy wretched brother die,
30line 0241Who was the model of thy father’s life.
line 0242Call it not patience, Gaunt. It is despair.
line 0243In suff’ring thus thy brother to be slaughtered,
line 0244Thou showest the naked pathway to thy life,
line 0245Teaching stern murder how to butcher thee.
35line 0246That which in mean men we entitle patience
line 0247Is pale, cold cowardice in noble breasts.
line 0248What shall I say? To safeguard thine own life,
line 0249The best way is to venge my Gloucester’s death.
GAUNT
line 0250God’s is the quarrel; for God’s substitute,
40line 0251His deputy anointed in His sight,
line 0252Hath caused his death, the which if wrongfully
line 0253Let heaven revenge, for I may never lift
line 0254An angry arm against His minister.
DUCHESS
line 0255Where, then, alas, may I complain myself?
GAUNT
45line 0256To God, the widow’s champion and defense.
DUCHESS
line 0257Why then I will. Farewell, old Gaunt.
line 0258Thou goest to Coventry, there to behold
line 0259Our cousin Hereford and fell Mowbray fight.
line 0260O, sit my husband’s wrongs on Hereford’s spear,
50line 0261That it may enter butcher Mowbray’s breast!
line 0262Or if misfortune miss the first career,
line 0263Be Mowbray’s sins so heavy in his bosom
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 25 line 0264That they may break his foaming courser’s back
line 0265And throw the rider headlong in the lists,
55line 0266A caitiff recreant to my cousin Hereford!
line 0267Farewell, old Gaunt. Thy sometime brother’s wife
line 0268With her companion, grief, must end her life.
GAUNT
line 0269Sister, farewell. I must to Coventry.
line 0270As much good stay with thee as go with me.
DUCHESS
60line 0271Yet one word more. Grief boundeth where it falls,
line 0272Not with the empty hollowness, but weight.
line 0273I take my leave before I have begun,
line 0274For sorrow ends not when it seemeth done.
line 0275Commend me to thy brother, Edmund York.
65line 0276Lo, this is all. Nay, yet depart not so!
line 0277Though this be all, do not so quickly go;
line 0278I shall remember more. Bid him—ah, what?—
line 0279With all good speed at Plashy visit me.
line 0280Alack, and what shall good old York there see
70line 0281But empty lodgings and unfurnished walls,
line 0282Unpeopled offices, untrodden stones?
line 0283And what hear there for welcome but my groans?
line 0284Therefore commend me; let him not come there
line 0285To seek out sorrow that dwells everywhere.
75line 0286Desolate, desolate, will I hence and die.
line 0287The last leave of thee takes my weeping eye.

They exit.


Scene 3

Enter Lord Marshal and the Duke of Aumerle.

MARSHAL
line 0288My Lord Aumerle, is Harry Hereford armed?
AUMERLE
line 0289Yea, at all points, and longs to enter in.
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 27 MARSHAL
line 0290The Duke of Norfolk, sprightfully and bold,
line 0291Stays but the summons of the appellant’s trumpet.
AUMERLE
5line 0292Why then, the champions are prepared and stay
line 0293For nothing but his Majesty’s approach.

The trumpets sound and the King enters with his Nobles and Officers; when they are set, enter Mowbray, the Duke of Norfolk in arms, defendant, with a Herald.

KING RICHARD
line 0294Marshal, demand of yonder champion
line 0295The cause of his arrival here in arms,
line 0296Ask him his name, and orderly proceed
10line 0297To swear him in the justice of his cause.
MARSHALto Mowbray
line 0298In God’s name and the King’s, say who thou art
line 0299And why thou comest thus knightly clad in arms,
line 0300Against what man thou com’st, and what thy quarrel.
line 0301Speak truly on thy knighthood and thy oath,
15line 0302As so defend thee heaven and thy valor.
MOWBRAY
line 0303My name is Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk,
line 0304Who hither come engagèd by my oath—
line 0305Which God defend a knight should violate!—
line 0306Both to defend my loyalty and truth
20line 0307To God, my king, and my succeeding issue,
line 0308Against the Duke of Hereford that appeals me,
line 0309And by the grace of God and this mine arm
line 0310To prove him, in defending of myself,
line 0311A traitor to my God, my king, and me;
25line 0312And as I truly fight, defend me heaven.

The trumpets sound. Enter Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, appellant, in armor, with a Herald.

line 0313KING RICHARDMarshal, ask yonder knight in arms
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 29 line 0314Both who he is and why he cometh hither
line 0315Thus plated in habiliments of war,
line 0316And formally, according to our law,
30line 0317Depose him in the justice of his cause.
MARSHALto Bolingbroke
line 0318What is thy name? And wherefore com’st thou hither,
line 0319Before King Richard in his royal lists?
line 0320Against whom comest thou? And what’s thy quarrel?
line 0321Speak like a true knight, so defend thee heaven.
BOLINGBROKE
35line 0322Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby
line 0323Am I, who ready here do stand in arms
line 0324To prove, by God’s grace and my body’s valor,
line 0325In lists, on Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk,
line 0326That he is a traitor foul and dangerous
40line 0327To God of heaven, King Richard, and to me.
line 0328And as I truly fight, defend me heaven.
MARSHAL
line 0329On pain of death, no person be so bold
line 0330Or daring-hardy as to touch the lists,
line 0331Except the Marshal and such officers
45line 0332Appointed to direct these fair designs.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0333Lord Marshal, let me kiss my sovereign’s hand
line 0334And bow my knee before his Majesty;
line 0335For Mowbray and myself are like two men
line 0336That vow a long and weary pilgrimage.
50line 0337Then let us take a ceremonious leave
line 0338And loving farewell of our several friends.
MARSHALto King Richard
line 0339The appellant in all duty greets your Highness
line 0340And craves to kiss your hand and take his leave.
KING RICHARDcoming down
line 0341We will descend and fold him in our arms.

He embraces Bolingbroke.

55line 0342Cousin of Hereford, as thy cause is right,
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 31 line 0343So be thy fortune in this royal fight.
line 0344Farewell, my blood—which, if today thou shed,
line 0345Lament we may but not revenge thee dead.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0346O, let no noble eye profane a tear
60line 0347For me if I be gored with Mowbray’s spear.
line 0348As confident as is the falcon’s flight
line 0349Against a bird do I with Mowbray fight.
line 0350My loving lord, I take my leave of you.—
line 0351Of you, my noble cousin, Lord Aumerle;
65line 0352Not sick, although I have to do with death,
line 0353But lusty, young, and cheerly drawing breath.—
line 0354Lo, as at English feasts, so I regreet
line 0355The daintiest last, to make the end most sweet.
line 0356O, thou the earthly author of my blood,
70line 0357Whose youthful spirit in me regenerate
line 0358Doth with a twofold vigor lift me up
line 0359To reach at victory above my head,
line 0360Add proof unto mine armor with thy prayers,
line 0361And with thy blessings steel my lance’s point
75line 0362That it may enter Mowbray’s waxen coat
line 0363And furbish new the name of John o’ Gaunt,
line 0364Even in the lusty havior of his son.
GAUNT
line 0365God in thy good cause make thee prosperous.
line 0366Be swift like lightning in the execution,
80line 0367And let thy blows, doubly redoubled,
line 0368Fall like amazing thunder on the casque
line 0369Of thy adverse pernicious enemy.
line 0370Rouse up thy youthful blood, be valiant, and live.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0371Mine innocence and Saint George to thrive!
MOWBRAY
85line 0372However God or fortune cast my lot,
line 0373There lives or dies, true to King Richard’s throne,
line 0374A loyal, just, and upright gentleman.
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 33 line 0375Never did captive with a freer heart
line 0376Cast off his chains of bondage and embrace
90line 0377His golden uncontrolled enfranchisement
line 0378More than my dancing soul doth celebrate
line 0379This feast of battle with mine adversary.
line 0380Most mighty liege and my companion peers,
line 0381Take from my mouth the wish of happy years.
95line 0382As gentle and as jocund as to jest
line 0383Go I to fight. Truth hath a quiet breast.
KING RICHARD
line 0384Farewell, my lord. Securely I espy
line 0385Virtue with valor couchèd in thine eye.—
line 0386Order the trial, marshal, and begin.
MARSHAL
100line 0387Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby,
line 0388Receive thy lance; and God defend the right.

He presents a lance to Bolingbroke.

BOLINGBROKE
line 0389Strong as a tower in hope, I cry “Amen!”
MARSHALto an Officer
line 0390Go bear this lance to Thomas, Duke of Norfolk.

An Officer presents a lance to Mowbray.

FIRST HERALD
line 0391Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby
105line 0392Stands here for God, his sovereign, and himself,
line 0393On pain to be found false and recreant,
line 0394To prove the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray,
line 0395A traitor to his God, his king, and him,
line 0396And dares him to set forward to the fight.
SECOND HERALD
110line 0397Here standeth Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk,
line 0398On pain to be found false and recreant,
line 0399Both to defend himself and to approve
line 0400Henry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby
line 0401To God, his sovereign, and to him disloyal,
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 35 115line 0402Courageously and with a free desire
line 0403Attending but the signal to begin.
MARSHAL
line 0404Sound, trumpets, and set forward, combatants.

Trumpets sound. Richard throws down his warder.

line 0405Stay! The King hath thrown his warder down.
KING RICHARD
line 0406Let them lay by their helmets and their spears,
120line 0407And both return back to their chairs again.
line 0408To his council. Withdraw with us, and let the
line 0409trumpets sound
line 0410While we return these dukes what we decree.

Trumpets sound while Richard consults with Gaunt and other Nobles.

line 0411To Bolingbroke and Mowbray. Draw near,
125line 0412And list what with our council we have done.
line 0413For that our kingdom’s earth should not be soiled
line 0414With that dear blood which it hath fosterèd;
line 0415And for our eyes do hate the dire aspect
line 0416Of civil wounds plowed up with neighbor’s sword;
130line 0417And for we think the eagle-wingèd pride
line 0418Of sky-aspiring and ambitious thoughts,
line 0419With rival-hating envy, set on you
line 0420To wake our peace, which in our country’s cradle
line 0421Draws the sweet infant breath of gentle sleep,
135line 0422Which, so roused up with boist’rous untuned
line 0423drums,
line 0424With harsh resounding trumpets’ dreadful bray,
line 0425And grating shock of wrathful iron arms,
line 0426Might from our quiet confines fright fair peace
140line 0427And make us wade even in our kindred’s blood:
line 0428Therefore we banish you our territories.
line 0429You, cousin Hereford, upon pain of life,
line 0430Till twice five summers have enriched our fields
line 0431Shall not regreet our fair dominions,
145line 0432But tread the stranger paths of banishment.
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 37 BOLINGBROKE
line 0433Your will be done. This must my comfort be:
line 0434That sun that warms you here shall shine on me,
line 0435And those his golden beams to you here lent
line 0436Shall point on me and gild my banishment.
KING RICHARD
150line 0437Norfolk, for thee remains a heavier doom,
line 0438Which I with some unwillingness pronounce:
line 0439The sly, slow hours shall not determinate
line 0440The dateless limit of thy dear exile.
line 0441The hopeless word of “never to return”
155line 0442Breathe I against thee, upon pain of life.
MOWBRAY
line 0443A heavy sentence, my most sovereign liege,
line 0444And all unlooked-for from your Highness’ mouth.
line 0445A dearer merit, not so deep a maim
line 0446As to be cast forth in the common air,
160line 0447Have I deservèd at your Highness’ hands.
line 0448The language I have learnt these forty years,
line 0449My native English, now I must forgo;
line 0450And now my tongue’s use is to me no more
line 0451Than an unstringèd viol or a harp,
165line 0452Or like a cunning instrument cased up,
line 0453Or, being open, put into his hands
line 0454That knows no touch to tune the harmony.
line 0455Within my mouth you have enjailed my tongue,
line 0456Doubly portcullised with my teeth and lips,
170line 0457And dull unfeeling barren ignorance
line 0458Is made my jailor to attend on me.
line 0459I am too old to fawn upon a nurse,
line 0460Too far in years to be a pupil now.
line 0461What is thy sentence then but speechless death,
175line 0462Which robs my tongue from breathing native
line 0463breath?
KING RICHARD
line 0464It boots thee not to be compassionate.
line 0465After our sentence plaining comes too late.
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 39 MOWBRAY
line 0466Then thus I turn me from my country’s light,
180line 0467To dwell in solemn shades of endless night.

He begins to exit.

KING RICHARD
line 0468Return again, and take an oath with thee.
line 0469To Mowbray and Bolingbroke. Lay on our royal
line 0470sword your banished hands.

They place their right hands on the hilts of Richard’s sword.

line 0471Swear by the duty that you owe to God—
185line 0472Our part therein we banish with yourselves—
line 0473To keep the oath that we administer:
line 0474You never shall, so help you truth and God,
line 0475Embrace each other’s love in banishment,
line 0476Nor never look upon each other’s face,
190line 0477Nor never write, regreet, nor reconcile
line 0478This louring tempest of your homebred hate,
line 0479Nor never by advisèd purpose meet
line 0480To plot, contrive, or complot any ill
line 0481’Gainst us, our state, our subjects, or our land.
195line 0482BOLINGBROKEI swear.
line 0483MOWBRAYAnd I, to keep all this.

They step back.

BOLINGBROKE
line 0484Norfolk, so far as to mine enemy:
line 0485By this time, had the King permitted us,
line 0486One of our souls had wandered in the air,
200line 0487Banished this frail sepulcher of our flesh,
line 0488As now our flesh is banished from this land.
line 0489Confess thy treasons ere thou fly the realm.
line 0490Since thou hast far to go, bear not along
line 0491The clogging burden of a guilty soul.
MOWBRAY
205line 0492No, Bolingbroke; if ever I were traitor,
line 0493My name be blotted from the book of life,
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 41 line 0494And I from heaven banished as from hence.
line 0495But what thou art, God, thou, and I do know,
line 0496And all too soon, I fear, the King shall rue.—
210line 0497Farewell, my liege. Now no way can I stray;
line 0498Save back to England, all the world’s my way.

He exits.

KING RICHARDto Gaunt
line 0499Uncle, even in the glasses of thine eyes
line 0500I see thy grievèd heart. Thy sad aspect
line 0501Hath from the number of his banished years
215line 0502Plucked four away. To Bolingbroke. Six frozen
line 0503winters spent,
line 0504Return with welcome home from banishment.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0505How long a time lies in one little word!
line 0506Four lagging winters and four wanton springs
220line 0507End in a word; such is the breath of kings.
GAUNT
line 0508I thank my liege that in regard of me
line 0509He shortens four years of my son’s exile.
line 0510But little vantage shall I reap thereby;
line 0511For, ere the six years that he hath to spend
225line 0512Can change their moons and bring their times
line 0513about,
line 0514My oil-dried lamp and time-bewasted light
line 0515Shall be extinct with age and endless night;
line 0516My inch of taper will be burnt and done,
230line 0517And blindfold death not let me see my son.
KING RICHARD
line 0518Why, uncle, thou hast many years to live.
GAUNT
line 0519But not a minute, king, that thou canst give.
line 0520Shorten my days thou canst with sullen sorrow,
line 0521And pluck nights from me, but not lend a morrow.
235line 0522Thou canst help time to furrow me with age,
line 0523But stop no wrinkle in his pilgrimage.
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 43 line 0524Thy word is current with him for my death,
line 0525But dead, thy kingdom cannot buy my breath.
KING RICHARD
line 0526Thy son is banished upon good advice,
240line 0527Whereto thy tongue a party verdict gave.
line 0528Why at our justice seem’st thou then to lour?
GAUNT
line 0529Things sweet to taste prove in digestion sour.
line 0530You urged me as a judge, but I had rather
line 0531You would have bid me argue like a father.
245line 0532O, had it been a stranger, not my child,
line 0533To smooth his fault I should have been more mild.
line 0534A partial slander sought I to avoid,
line 0535And in the sentence my own life destroyed.
line 0536Alas, I looked when some of you should say
250line 0537I was too strict, to make mine own away.
line 0538But you gave leave to my unwilling tongue
line 0539Against my will to do myself this wrong.
KING RICHARDto Bolingbroke
line 0540Cousin, farewell.—And, uncle, bid him so.
line 0541Six years we banish him, and he shall go.

Flourish. King Richard exits with his Attendants.

AUMERLEto Bolingbroke
255line 0542Cousin, farewell. What presence must not know,
line 0543From where you do remain let paper show.
MARSHALto Bolingbroke
line 0544My lord, no leave take I, for I will ride,
line 0545As far as land will let me, by your side.
GAUNTto Bolingbroke
line 0546O, to what purpose dost thou hoard thy words,
260line 0547That thou returnest no greeting to thy friends?
BOLINGBROKE
line 0548I have too few to take my leave of you,
line 0549When the tongue’s office should be prodigal
line 0550To breathe the abundant dolor of the heart.
Act 1 Scene 3 - Pg 45 GAUNT
line 0551Thy grief is but thy absence for a time.
BOLINGBROKE
265line 0552Joy absent, grief is present for that time.
GAUNT
line 0553What is six winters? They are quickly gone.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0554To men in joy; but grief makes one hour ten.
GAUNT
line 0555Call it a travel that thou tak’st for pleasure.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0556My heart will sigh when I miscall it so,
270line 0557Which finds it an enforcèd pilgrimage.
GAUNT
line 0558The sullen passage of thy weary steps
line 0559Esteem as foil wherein thou art to set
line 0560The precious jewel of thy home return.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0561Nay, rather every tedious stride I make
275line 0562Will but remember me what a deal of world
line 0563I wander from the jewels that I love.
line 0564Must I not serve a long apprenticehood
line 0565To foreign passages, and in the end,
line 0566Having my freedom, boast of nothing else
280line 0567But that I was a journeyman to grief?
GAUNT
line 0568All places that the eye of heaven visits
line 0569Are to a wise man ports and happy havens.
line 0570Teach thy necessity to reason thus:
line 0571There is no virtue like necessity.
285line 0572Think not the King did banish thee,
line 0573But thou the King. Woe doth the heavier sit
line 0574Where it perceives it is but faintly borne.
line 0575Go, say I sent thee forth to purchase honor,
line 0576And not the King exiled thee; or suppose
290line 0577Devouring pestilence hangs in our air
line 0578And thou art flying to a fresher clime.
Act 1 Scene 4 - Pg 47 line 0579Look what thy soul holds dear, imagine it
line 0580To lie that way thou goest, not whence thou com’st.
line 0581Suppose the singing birds musicians,
295line 0582The grass whereon thou tread’st the presence
line 0583strewed,
line 0584The flowers fair ladies, and thy steps no more
line 0585Than a delightful measure or a dance;
line 0586For gnarling sorrow hath less power to bite
300line 0587The man that mocks at it and sets it light.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0588O, who can hold a fire in his hand
line 0589By thinking on the frosty Caucasus?
line 0590Or cloy the hungry edge of appetite
line 0591By bare imagination of a feast?
305line 0592Or wallow naked in December snow
line 0593By thinking on fantastic summer’s heat?
line 0594O no, the apprehension of the good
line 0595Gives but the greater feeling to the worse.
line 0596Fell sorrow’s tooth doth never rankle more
310line 0597Than when he bites but lanceth not the sore.
GAUNT
line 0598Come, come, my son, I’ll bring thee on thy way.
line 0599Had I thy youth and cause, I would not stay.
BOLINGBROKE
line 0600Then, England’s ground, farewell; sweet soil, adieu,
line 0601My mother and my nurse that bears me yet.
315line 0602Where’er I wander, boast of this I can,
line 0603Though banished, yet a trueborn Englishman.

They exit.


Scene 4

Enter the King with Green and Bagot, at one door, and the Lord Aumerle at another.

line 0604KING RICHARDWe did observe.—Cousin Aumerle,
line 0605How far brought you high Hereford on his way?
Act 1 Scene 4 - Pg 49 AUMERLE
line 0606I brought high Hereford, if you call him so,
line 0607But to the next highway, and there I left him.
KING RICHARD
5line 0608And say, what store of parting tears were shed?
AUMERLE
line 0609Faith, none for me, except the northeast wind,
line 0610Which then blew bitterly against our faces,
line 0611Awaked the sleeping rheum and so by chance
line 0612Did grace our hollow parting with a tear.
KING RICHARD
10line 0613What said our cousin when you parted with him?
line 0614AUMERLE“Farewell.”
line 0615And, for my heart disdainèd that my tongue
line 0616Should so profane the word, that taught me craft
line 0617To counterfeit oppression of such grief
15line 0618That words seemed buried in my sorrow’s grave.
line 0619Marry, would the word “farewell” have lengthened
line 0620hours
line 0621And added years to his short banishment,
line 0622He should have had a volume of farewells.
20line 0623But since it would not, he had none of me.
KING RICHARD
line 0624He is our cousin, cousin, but ’tis doubt,
line 0625When time shall call him home from banishment,
line 0626Whether our kinsman come to see his friends.
line 0627Ourself and Bushy, Bagot here and Green,
25line 0628Observed his courtship to the common people,
line 0629How he did seem to dive into their hearts
line 0630With humble and familiar courtesy,
line 0631What reverence he did throw away on slaves,
line 0632Wooing poor craftsmen with the craft of smiles
30line 0633And patient underbearing of his fortune,
line 0634As ’twere to banish their affects with him.
line 0635Off goes his bonnet to an oysterwench;
line 0636A brace of draymen bid God speed him well
Act 1 Scene 4 - Pg 51 line 0637And had the tribute of his supple knee,
35line 0638With “Thanks, my countrymen, my loving friends,”
line 0639As were our England in reversion his
line 0640And he our subjects’ next degree in hope.
GREEN
line 0641Well, he is gone, and with him go these thoughts.
line 0642Now for the rebels which stand out in Ireland,
40line 0643Expedient manage must be made, my liege,
line 0644Ere further leisure yield them further means
line 0645For their advantage and your Highness’ loss.
KING RICHARD
line 0646We will ourself in person to this war.
line 0647And, for our coffers, with too great a court
45line 0648And liberal largess, are grown somewhat light,
line 0649We are enforced to farm our royal realm,
line 0650The revenue whereof shall furnish us
line 0651For our affairs in hand. If that come short,
line 0652Our substitutes at home shall have blank charters,
50line 0653Whereto, when they shall know what men are rich,
line 0654They shall subscribe them for large sums of gold
line 0655And send them after to supply our wants,
line 0656For we will make for Ireland presently.

Enter Bushy.

line 0657Bushy, what news?
BUSHY
55line 0658Old John of Gaunt is grievous sick, my lord,
line 0659Suddenly taken, and hath sent posthaste
line 0660To entreat your Majesty to visit him.
line 0661KING RICHARDWhere lies he?
line 0662BUSHYAt Ely House.
KING RICHARD
60line 0663Now put it, God, in the physician’s mind
line 0664To help him to his grave immediately!
line 0665The lining of his coffers shall make coats
Act 1 Scene 4 - Pg 53 line 0666To deck our soldiers for these Irish wars.
line 0667Come, gentlemen, let’s all go visit him.
65line 0668Pray God we may make haste and come too late.
line 0669ALLAmen!

They exit.


ACT 2


Scene 1

Enter John of Gaunt sick, with the Duke of York, and Attendants.

GAUNT
line 0670Will the King come, that I may breathe my last
line 0671In wholesome counsel to his unstaid youth?
YORK
line 0672Vex not yourself nor strive not with your breath,
line 0673For all in vain comes counsel to his ear.
GAUNT
5line 0674O, but they say the tongues of dying men
line 0675Enforce attention like deep harmony.
line 0676Where words are scarce, they are seldom spent in
line 0677vain,
line 0678For they breathe truth that breathe their words in
10line 0679pain.
line 0680He that no more must say is listened more
line 0681Than they whom youth and ease have taught to
line 0682gloze.
line 0683More are men’s ends marked than their lives before.
15line 0684The setting sun and music at the close,
line 0685As the last taste of sweets, is sweetest last,
line 0686Writ in remembrance more than things long past.
line 0687Though Richard my life’s counsel would not hear,
line 0688My death’s sad tale may yet undeaf his ear.
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 59 YORK
20line 0689No, it is stopped with other flattering sounds,
line 0690As praises, of whose taste the wise are fond;
line 0691Lascivious meters, to whose venom sound
line 0692The open ear of youth doth always listen;
line 0693Report of fashions in proud Italy,
25line 0694Whose manners still our tardy-apish nation
line 0695Limps after in base imitation.
line 0696Where doth the world thrust forth a vanity—
line 0697So it be new, there’s no respect how vile—
line 0698That is not quickly buzzed into his ears?
30line 0699Then all too late comes counsel to be heard
line 0700Where will doth mutiny with wit’s regard.
line 0701Direct not him whose way himself will choose.
line 0702’Tis breath thou lack’st, and that breath wilt thou
line 0703lose.
GAUNT
35line 0704Methinks I am a prophet new inspired
line 0705And thus expiring do foretell of him:
line 0706His rash fierce blaze of riot cannot last,
line 0707For violent fires soon burn out themselves;
line 0708Small showers last long, but sudden storms are
40line 0709short;
line 0710He tires betimes that spurs too fast betimes;
line 0711With eager feeding food doth choke the feeder;
line 0712Light vanity, insatiate cormorant,
line 0713Consuming means, soon preys upon itself.
45line 0714This royal throne of kings, this sceptered isle,
line 0715This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars,
line 0716This other Eden, demi-paradise,
line 0717This fortress built by Nature for herself
line 0718Against infection and the hand of war,
50line 0719This happy breed of men, this little world,
line 0720This precious stone set in the silver sea,
line 0721Which serves it in the office of a wall
line 0722Or as a moat defensive to a house,
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 61 line 0723Against the envy of less happier lands,
55line 0724This blessèd plot, this earth, this realm, this
line 0725England,
line 0726This nurse, this teeming womb of royal kings,
line 0727Feared by their breed and famous by their birth,
line 0728Renownèd for their deeds as far from home
60line 0729For Christian service and true chivalry
line 0730As is the sepulcher in stubborn Jewry
line 0731Of the world’s ransom, blessèd Mary’s son,
line 0732This land of such dear souls, this dear dear land,
line 0733Dear for her reputation through the world,
65line 0734Is now leased out—I die pronouncing it—
line 0735Like to a tenement or pelting farm.
line 0736England, bound in with the triumphant sea,
line 0737Whose rocky shore beats back the envious siege
line 0738Of wat’ry Neptune, is now bound in with shame,
70line 0739With inky blots and rotten parchment bonds.
line 0740That England that was wont to conquer others
line 0741Hath made a shameful conquest of itself.
line 0742Ah, would the scandal vanish with my life,
line 0743How happy then were my ensuing death!

Enter King and Queen, Aumerle, Bushy, Green, Bagot, Ross, Willoughby, etc.

YORK
75line 0744The King is come. Deal mildly with his youth,
line 0745For young hot colts being reined do rage the more.
QUEENto Gaunt
line 0746How fares our noble uncle Lancaster?
KING RICHARDto Gaunt
line 0747What comfort, man? How is ’t with agèd Gaunt?
GAUNT
line 0748O, how that name befits my composition!
80line 0749Old Gaunt indeed and gaunt in being old.
line 0750Within me grief hath kept a tedious fast,
line 0751And who abstains from meat that is not gaunt?
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 63 line 0752For sleeping England long time have I watched;
line 0753Watching breeds leanness, leanness is all gaunt.
85line 0754The pleasure that some fathers feed upon
line 0755Is my strict fast—I mean my children’s looks—
line 0756And, therein fasting, hast thou made me gaunt.
line 0757Gaunt am I for the grave, gaunt as a grave,
line 0758Whose hollow womb inherits naught but bones.
KING RICHARD
90line 0759Can sick men play so nicely with their names?
GAUNT
line 0760No, misery makes sport to mock itself.
line 0761Since thou dost seek to kill my name in me,
line 0762I mock my name, great king, to flatter thee.
KING RICHARD
line 0763Should dying men flatter with those that live?
GAUNT
95line 0764No, no, men living flatter those that die.
KING RICHARD
line 0765Thou, now a-dying, sayest thou flatterest me.
GAUNT
line 0766O, no, thou diest, though I the sicker be.
KING RICHARD
line 0767I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill.
GAUNT
line 0768Now He that made me knows I see thee ill,
100line 0769Ill in myself to see, and in thee, seeing ill.
line 0770Thy deathbed is no lesser than thy land,
line 0771Wherein thou liest in reputation sick;
line 0772And thou, too careless-patient as thou art,
line 0773Commit’st thy anointed body to the cure
105line 0774Of those physicians that first wounded thee.
line 0775A thousand flatterers sit within thy crown,
line 0776Whose compass is no bigger than thy head,
line 0777And yet encagèd in so small a verge,
line 0778The waste is no whit lesser than thy land.
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 65 110line 0779O, had thy grandsire with a prophet’s eye
line 0780Seen how his son’s son should destroy his sons,
line 0781From forth thy reach he would have laid thy shame,
line 0782Deposing thee before thou wert possessed,
line 0783Which art possessed now to depose thyself.
115line 0784Why, cousin, wert thou regent of the world,
line 0785It were a shame to let this land by lease;
line 0786But, for thy world enjoying but this land,
line 0787Is it not more than shame to shame it so?
line 0788Landlord of England art thou now, not king.
120line 0789Thy state of law is bondslave to the law,
line 0790And thou—
line 0791KING RICHARDA lunatic lean-witted fool,
line 0792Presuming on an ague’s privilege,
line 0793Darest with thy frozen admonition
125line 0794Make pale our cheek, chasing the royal blood
line 0795With fury from his native residence.
line 0796Now, by my seat’s right royal majesty,
line 0797Wert thou not brother to great Edward’s son,
line 0798This tongue that runs so roundly in thy head
130line 0799Should run thy head from thy unreverent shoulders.
GAUNT
line 0800O, spare me not, my brother Edward’s son,
line 0801For that I was his father Edward’s son!
line 0802That blood already, like the pelican,
line 0803Hast thou tapped out and drunkenly caroused.
135line 0804My brother Gloucester—plain, well-meaning soul,
line 0805Whom fair befall in heaven ’mongst happy souls—
line 0806May be a precedent and witness good
line 0807That thou respect’st not spilling Edward’s blood.
line 0808Join with the present sickness that I have,
140line 0809And thy unkindness be like crooked age
line 0810To crop at once a too-long withered flower.
line 0811Live in thy shame, but die not shame with thee!
line 0812These words hereafter thy tormentors be!—
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 67 line 0813Convey me to my bed, then to my grave.
145line 0814Love they to live that love and honor have.

He exits, carried off by Attendants.

KING RICHARD
line 0815And let them die that age and sullens have,
line 0816For both hast thou, and both become the grave.
YORK
line 0817I do beseech your Majesty, impute his words
line 0818To wayward sickliness and age in him.
150line 0819He loves you, on my life, and holds you dear
line 0820As Harry, Duke of Hereford, were he here.
KING RICHARD
line 0821Right, you say true: as Hereford’s love, so his;
line 0822As theirs, so mine; and all be as it is.

Enter Northumberland.

NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0823My liege, old Gaunt commends him to your Majesty.
KING RICHARD
155line 0824What says he?
line 0825NORTHUMBERLANDNay, nothing; all is said.
line 0826His tongue is now a stringless instrument;
line 0827Words, life, and all, old Lancaster hath spent.
YORK
line 0828Be York the next that must be bankrupt so!
160line 0829Though death be poor, it ends a mortal woe.
KING RICHARD
line 0830The ripest fruit first falls, and so doth he;
line 0831His time is spent, our pilgrimage must be.
line 0832So much for that. Now for our Irish wars:
line 0833We must supplant those rough rugheaded kern,
165line 0834Which live like venom where no venom else
line 0835But only they have privilege to live.
line 0836And, for these great affairs do ask some charge,
line 0837Towards our assistance we do seize to us
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 69 line 0838The plate, coin, revenues, and movables
170line 0839Whereof our uncle Gaunt did stand possessed.
YORK
line 0840How long shall I be patient? Ah, how long
line 0841Shall tender duty make me suffer wrong?
line 0842Not Gloucester’s death, nor Hereford’s banishment,
line 0843Nor Gaunt’s rebukes, nor England’s private wrongs,
175line 0844Nor the prevention of poor Bolingbroke
line 0845About his marriage, nor my own disgrace,
line 0846Have ever made me sour my patient cheek
line 0847Or bend one wrinkle on my sovereign’s face.
line 0848I am the last of noble Edward’s sons,
180line 0849Of whom thy father, Prince of Wales, was first.
line 0850In war was never lion raged more fierce,
line 0851In peace was never gentle lamb more mild,
line 0852Than was that young and princely gentleman.
line 0853His face thou hast, for even so looked he,
185line 0854Accomplished with the number of thy hours;
line 0855But when he frowned, it was against the French
line 0856And not against his friends. His noble hand
line 0857Did win what he did spend, and spent not that
line 0858Which his triumphant father’s hand had won.
190line 0859His hands were guilty of no kindred blood,
line 0860But bloody with the enemies of his kin.
line 0861O, Richard! York is too far gone with grief,
line 0862Or else he never would compare between.
KING RICHARD
line 0863Why, uncle, what’s the matter?
195line 0864YORKO, my liege,
line 0865Pardon me if you please. If not, I, pleased
line 0866Not to be pardoned, am content withal.
line 0867Seek you to seize and gripe into your hands
line 0868The royalties and rights of banished Hereford?
200line 0869Is not Gaunt dead? And doth not Hereford live?
line 0870Was not Gaunt just? And is not Harry true?
line 0871Did not the one deserve to have an heir?
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 71 line 0872Is not his heir a well-deserving son?
line 0873Take Hereford’s rights away, and take from time
205line 0874His charters and his customary rights;
line 0875Let not tomorrow then ensue today;
line 0876Be not thyself; for how art thou a king
line 0877But by fair sequence and succession?
line 0878Now afore God—God forbid I say true!—
210line 0879If you do wrongfully seize Hereford’s rights,
line 0880Call in the letters patents that he hath
line 0881By his attorneys general to sue
line 0882His livery, and deny his offered homage,
line 0883You pluck a thousand dangers on your head,
215line 0884You lose a thousand well-disposèd hearts,
line 0885And prick my tender patience to those thoughts
line 0886Which honor and allegiance cannot think.
KING RICHARD
line 0887Think what you will, we seize into our hands
line 0888His plate, his goods, his money, and his lands.
YORK
220line 0889I’ll not be by the while. My liege, farewell.
line 0890What will ensue hereof there’s none can tell;
line 0891But by bad courses may be understood
line 0892That their events can never fall out good.He exits.
KING RICHARD
line 0893Go, Bushy, to the Earl of Wiltshire straight.
225line 0894Bid him repair to us to Ely House
line 0895To see this business. Tomorrow next
line 0896We will for Ireland, and ’tis time, I trow.
line 0897And we create, in absence of ourself,
line 0898Our uncle York Lord Governor of England,
230line 0899For he is just and always loved us well.—
line 0900Come on, our queen. Tomorrow must we part.
line 0901Be merry, for our time of stay is short.

King and Queen exit with others; Northumberland, Willoughby, and Ross remain.

Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 73 NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0902Well, lords, the Duke of Lancaster is dead.
ROSS
line 0903And living too, for now his son is duke.
WILLOUGHBY
235line 0904Barely in title, not in revenues.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0905Richly in both, if justice had her right.
ROSS
line 0906My heart is great, but it must break with silence
line 0907Ere ’t be disburdened with a liberal tongue.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0908Nay, speak thy mind, and let him ne’er speak more
240line 0909That speaks thy words again to do thee harm!
WILLOUGHBYto Ross
line 0910Tends that thou wouldst speak to the Duke of
line 0911Hereford?
line 0912If it be so, out with it boldly, man.
line 0913Quick is mine ear to hear of good towards him.
ROSS
245line 0914No good at all that I can do for him,
line 0915Unless you call it good to pity him,
line 0916Bereft and gelded of his patrimony.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0917Now, afore God, ’tis shame such wrongs are borne
line 0918In him, a royal prince, and many more
250line 0919Of noble blood in this declining land.
line 0920The King is not himself, but basely led
line 0921By flatterers; and what they will inform
line 0922Merely in hate ’gainst any of us all,
line 0923That will the King severely prosecute
255line 0924’Gainst us, our lives, our children, and our heirs.
ROSS
line 0925The commons hath he pilled with grievous taxes,
line 0926And quite lost their hearts. The nobles hath he fined
line 0927For ancient quarrels, and quite lost their hearts.
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 75 WILLOUGHBY
line 0928And daily new exactions are devised,
260line 0929As blanks, benevolences, and I wot not what.
line 0930But what i’ God’s name doth become of this?
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0931Wars hath not wasted it, for warred he hath not,
line 0932But basely yielded upon compromise
line 0933That which his noble ancestors achieved with blows.
265line 0934More hath he spent in peace than they in wars.
ROSS
line 0935The Earl of Wiltshire hath the realm in farm.
WILLOUGHBY
line 0936The King grown bankrupt like a broken man.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0937Reproach and dissolution hangeth over him.
ROSS
line 0938He hath not money for these Irish wars,
270line 0939His burdenous taxations notwithstanding,
line 0940But by the robbing of the banished duke.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0941His noble kinsman. Most degenerate king!
line 0942But, lords, we hear this fearful tempest sing,
line 0943Yet seek no shelter to avoid the storm;
275line 0944We see the wind sit sore upon our sails,
line 0945And yet we strike not, but securely perish.
ROSS
line 0946We see the very wrack that we must suffer,
line 0947And unavoided is the danger now
line 0948For suffering so the causes of our wrack.
NORTHUMBERLAND
280line 0949Not so. Even through the hollow eyes of death
line 0950I spy life peering; but I dare not say
line 0951How near the tidings of our comfort is.
WILLOUGHBY
line 0952Nay, let us share thy thoughts, as thou dost ours.
Act 2 Scene 1 - Pg 77 ROSS
line 0953Be confident to speak, Northumberland.
285line 0954We three are but thyself, and speaking so
line 0955Thy words are but as thoughts. Therefore be bold.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 0956Then thus: I have from Le Port Blanc,
line 0957A bay in Brittany, received intelligence
line 0958That Harry Duke of Hereford, Rainold Lord
290line 0959Cobham,
line 0960That late broke from the Duke of Exeter,
line 0961His brother, archbishop late of Canterbury,
line 0962Sir Thomas Erpingham, Sir John Ramston,
line 0963Sir John Norbery, Sir Robert Waterton, and Francis
295line 0964Coint—
line 0965All these well furnished by the Duke of Brittany
line 0966With eight tall ships, three thousand men of war,
line 0967Are making hither with all due expedience
line 0968And shortly mean to touch our northern shore.
300line 0969Perhaps they had ere this, but that they stay
line 0970The first departing of the King for Ireland.
line 0971If then we shall shake off our slavish yoke,
line 0972Imp out our drooping country’s broken wing,
line 0973Redeem from broking pawn the blemished crown,
305line 0974Wipe off the dust that hides our scepter’s gilt,
line 0975And make high majesty look like itself,
line 0976Away with me in post to Ravenspurgh.
line 0977But if you faint, as fearing to do so,
line 0978Stay and be secret, and myself will go.
ROSS
310line 0979To horse, to horse! Urge doubts to them that fear.
WILLOUGHBY
line 0980Hold out my horse, and I will first be there.

They exit.

Act 2 Scene 2 - Pg 79

Scene 2

Enter the Queen, Bushy, and Bagot.

BUSHY
line 0981Madam, your Majesty is too much sad.
line 0982You promised, when you parted with the King,
line 0983To lay aside life-harming heaviness
line 0984And entertain a cheerful disposition.
QUEEN
5line 0985To please the King I did; to please myself
line 0986I cannot do it. Yet I know no cause
line 0987Why I should welcome such a guest as grief,
line 0988Save bidding farewell to so sweet a guest
line 0989As my sweet Richard. Yet again methinks
10line 0990Some unborn sorrow ripe in Fortune’s womb
line 0991Is coming towards me, and my inward soul
line 0992With nothing trembles. At some thing it grieves
line 0993More than with parting from my lord the King.
BUSHY
line 0994Each substance of a grief hath twenty shadows
15line 0995Which shows like grief itself but is not so;
line 0996For sorrow’s eyes, glazed with blinding tears,
line 0997Divides one thing entire to many objects,
line 0998Like perspectives, which rightly gazed upon
line 0999Show nothing but confusion, eyed awry
20line 1000Distinguish form. So your sweet Majesty,
line 1001Looking awry upon your lord’s departure,
line 1002Find shapes of grief more than himself to wail,
line 1003Which, looked on as it is, is naught but shadows
line 1004Of what it is not. Then, thrice-gracious queen,
25line 1005More than your lord’s departure weep not. More is
line 1006not seen,
line 1007Or if it be, ’tis with false sorrow’s eye,
line 1008Which for things true weeps things imaginary.
QUEEN
line 1009It may be so, but yet my inward soul
30line 1010Persuades me it is otherwise. Howe’er it be,
Act 2 Scene 2 - Pg 81 line 1011I cannot but be sad—so heavy sad
line 1012As thought, on thinking on no thought I think,
line 1013Makes me with heavy nothing faint and shrink.
BUSHY
line 1014’Tis nothing but conceit, my gracious lady.
QUEEN
35line 1015’Tis nothing less. Conceit is still derived
line 1016From some forefather grief. Mine is not so,
line 1017For nothing hath begot my something grief—
line 1018Or something hath the nothing that I grieve.
line 1019’Tis in reversion that I do possess,
40line 1020But what it is that is not yet known what,
line 1021I cannot name. ’Tis nameless woe, I wot.

Enter Green.

GREEN
line 1022God save your Majesty!—And well met, gentlemen.
line 1023I hope the King is not yet shipped for Ireland.
QUEEN
line 1024Why hopest thou so? ’Tis better hope he is,
45line 1025For his designs crave haste, his haste good hope.
line 1026Then wherefore dost thou hope he is not shipped?
GREEN
line 1027That he, our hope, might have retired his power
line 1028And driven into despair an enemy’s hope,
line 1029Who strongly hath set footing in this land.
50line 1030The banished Bolingbroke repeals himself
line 1031And with uplifted arms is safe arrived
line 1032At Ravenspurgh.
line 1033QUEENNow God in heaven forbid!
GREEN
line 1034Ah, madam, ’tis too true. And that is worse,
55line 1035The Lord Northumberland, his son young Harry
line 1036Percy,
line 1037The Lords of Ross, Beaumont, and Willoughby,
line 1038With all their powerful friends, are fled to him.
Act 2 Scene 2 - Pg 83 BUSHY
line 1039Why have you not proclaimed Northumberland
60line 1040And all the rest revolted faction traitors?
GREEN
line 1041We have; whereupon the Earl of Worcester
line 1042Hath broken his staff, resigned his stewardship,
line 1043And all the Household servants fled with him
line 1044To Bolingbroke.
QUEEN
65line 1045So, Green, thou art the midwife to my woe,
line 1046And Bolingbroke my sorrow’s dismal heir.
line 1047Now hath my soul brought forth her prodigy,
line 1048And I, a gasping new-delivered mother,
line 1049Have woe to woe, sorrow to sorrow joined.
BUSHY
70line 1050Despair not, madam.
line 1051QUEENWho shall hinder me?
line 1052I will despair and be at enmity
line 1053With cozening hope. He is a flatterer,
line 1054A parasite, a keeper-back of death,
75line 1055Who gently would dissolve the bands of life
line 1056Which false hope lingers in extremity.

Enter York.

line 1057GREENHere comes the Duke of York.
QUEEN
line 1058With signs of war about his agèd neck.
line 1059O, full of careful business are his looks!—
80line 1060Uncle, for God’s sake speak comfortable words.
YORK
line 1061Should I do so, I should belie my thoughts.
line 1062Comfort’s in heaven, and we are on the Earth,
line 1063Where nothing lives but crosses, cares, and grief.
line 1064Your husband, he is gone to save far off
85line 1065Whilst others come to make him lose at home.
line 1066Here am I left to underprop his land,
Act 2 Scene 2 - Pg 85 line 1067Who, weak with age, cannot support myself.
line 1068Now comes the sick hour that his surfeit made;
line 1069Now shall he try his friends that flattered him.

Enter a Servingman.

SERVINGMAN
90line 1070My lord, your son was gone before I came.
YORK
line 1071He was? Why, so go all which way it will.
line 1072The nobles they are fled; the commons they are
line 1073cold
line 1074And will, I fear, revolt on Hereford’s side.
95line 1075Sirrah, get thee to Plashy, to my sister Gloucester;
line 1076Bid her send me presently a thousand pound.
line 1077Hold, take my ring.
SERVINGMAN
line 1078My lord, I had forgot to tell your Lordship:
line 1079Today as I came by I callèd there—
100line 1080But I shall grieve you to report the rest.
line 1081YORKWhat is ’t, knave?
SERVINGMAN
line 1082An hour before I came, the Duchess died.
YORK
line 1083God for His mercy, what a tide of woes
line 1084Comes rushing on this woeful land at once!
105line 1085I know not what to do. I would to God,
line 1086So my untruth had not provoked him to it,
line 1087The King had cut off my head with my brother’s!
line 1088What, are there no posts dispatched for Ireland?
line 1089How shall we do for money for these wars?—
110line 1090Come, sister—cousin I would say, pray pardon
line 1091me.—
line 1092Go, fellow, get thee home. Provide some carts
line 1093And bring away the armor that is there.

Servingman exits.

line 1094Gentlemen, will you go muster men?
Act 2 Scene 2 - Pg 87 115line 1095If I know how or which way to order these affairs
line 1096Thus disorderly thrust into my hands,
line 1097Never believe me. Both are my kinsmen.
line 1098T’ one is my sovereign, whom both my oath
line 1099And duty bids defend; t’ other again
120line 1100Is my kinsman, whom the King hath wronged,
line 1101Whom conscience and my kindred bids to right.
line 1102Well, somewhat we must do. To Queen. Come,
line 1103cousin,
line 1104I’ll dispose of you.—Gentlemen, go muster up your
125line 1105men
line 1106And meet me presently at Berkeley.
line 1107I should to Plashy too,
line 1108But time will not permit. All is uneven,
line 1109And everything is left at six and seven.

Duke of York and Queen exit. Bushy, Green, and Bagot remain.

BUSHY
130line 1110The wind sits fair for news to go for Ireland,
line 1111But none returns. For us to levy power
line 1112Proportionable to the enemy
line 1113Is all unpossible.
GREEN
line 1114Besides, our nearness to the King in love
135line 1115Is near the hate of those love not the King.
BAGOT
line 1116And that is the wavering commons, for their love
line 1117Lies in their purses, and whoso empties them
line 1118By so much fills their hearts with deadly hate.
BUSHY
line 1119Wherein the King stands generally condemned.
BAGOT
140line 1120If judgment lie in them, then so do we,
line 1121Because we ever have been near the King.
GREEN
line 1122Well, I will for refuge straight to Bristow Castle.
line 1123The Earl of Wiltshire is already there.
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 89 BUSHY
line 1124Thither will I with you, for little office
145line 1125Will the hateful commons perform for us,
line 1126Except like curs to tear us all to pieces.—
line 1127Will you go along with us?
BAGOT
line 1128No, I will to Ireland to his Majesty.
line 1129Farewell. If heart’s presages be not vain,
150line 1130We three here part that ne’er shall meet again.
BUSHY
line 1131That’s as York thrives to beat back Bolingbroke.
GREEN
line 1132Alas, poor duke, the task he undertakes
line 1133Is numb’ring sands and drinking oceans dry.
line 1134Where one on his side fights, thousands will fly.
155line 1135Farewell at once, for once, for all, and ever.
BUSHY
line 1136Well, we may meet again.
line 1137BAGOTI fear me, never.

They exit.


Scene 3

Enter Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, and Northumberland.

BOLINGBROKE
line 1138How far is it, my lord, to Berkeley now?
line 1139NORTHUMBERLANDBelieve me, noble lord,
line 1140I am a stranger here in Gloucestershire.
line 1141These high wild hills and rough uneven ways
5line 1142Draws out our miles and makes them wearisome.
line 1143And yet your fair discourse hath been as sugar,
line 1144Making the hard way sweet and delectable.
line 1145But I bethink me what a weary way
line 1146From Ravenspurgh to Cotshall will be found
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 91 10line 1147In Ross and Willoughby, wanting your company,
line 1148Which, I protest, hath very much beguiled
line 1149The tediousness and process of my travel.
line 1150But theirs is sweetened with the hope to have
line 1151The present benefit which I possess,
15line 1152And hope to joy is little less in joy
line 1153Than hope enjoyed. By this the weary lords
line 1154Shall make their way seem short as mine hath done
line 1155By sight of what I have, your noble company.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1156Of much less value is my company
20line 1157Than your good words. But who comes here?

Enter Harry Percy.

line 1158NORTHUMBERLANDIt is my son, young Harry Percy,
line 1159Sent from my brother Worcester whencesoever.—
line 1160Harry, how fares your uncle?
PERCY
line 1161I had thought, my lord, to have learned his health of
25line 1162you.
line 1163NORTHUMBERLANDWhy, is he not with the Queen?
PERCY
line 1164No, my good lord, he hath forsook the court,
line 1165Broken his staff of office, and dispersed
line 1166The Household of the King.
NORTHUMBERLAND
30line 1167What was his reason? He was not so resolved
line 1168When last we spake together.
PERCY
line 1169Because your Lordship was proclaimèd traitor.
line 1170But he, my lord, is gone to Ravenspurgh
line 1171To offer service to the Duke of Hereford,
35line 1172And sent me over by Berkeley to discover
line 1173What power the Duke of York had levied there,
line 1174Then with directions to repair to Ravenspurgh.
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 93 NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1175Have you forgot the Duke of Hereford, boy?
PERCY
line 1176No, my good lord, for that is not forgot
40line 1177Which ne’er I did remember. To my knowledge
line 1178I never in my life did look on him.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1179Then learn to know him now. This is the Duke.
PERCYto Bolingbroke
line 1180My gracious lord, I tender you my service,
line 1181Such as it is, being tender, raw, and young,
45line 1182Which elder days shall ripen and confirm
line 1183To more approvèd service and desert.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1184I thank thee, gentle Percy, and be sure
line 1185I count myself in nothing else so happy
line 1186As in a soul rememb’ring my good friends;
50line 1187And as my fortune ripens with thy love,
line 1188It shall be still thy true love’s recompense.
line 1189My heart this covenant makes, my hand thus seals it.

Gives Percy his hand.

NORTHUMBERLANDto Percy
line 1190How far is it to Berkeley, and what stir
line 1191Keeps good old York there with his men of war?
PERCY
55line 1192There stands the castle by yon tuft of trees,
line 1193Manned with three hundred men, as I have heard,
line 1194And in it are the Lords of York, Berkeley, and
line 1195Seymour,
line 1196None else of name and noble estimate.

Enter Ross and Willoughby.

NORTHUMBERLAND
60line 1197Here come the Lords of Ross and Willoughby,
line 1198Bloody with spurring, fiery red with haste.
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 95 BOLINGBROKE
line 1199Welcome, my lords. I wot your love pursues
line 1200A banished traitor. All my treasury
line 1201Is yet but unfelt thanks, which, more enriched,
65line 1202Shall be your love and labor’s recompense.
ROSS
line 1203Your presence makes us rich, most noble lord.
WILLOUGHBY
line 1204And far surmounts our labor to attain it.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1205Evermore thank’s the exchequer of the poor,
line 1206Which, till my infant fortune comes to years,
70line 1207Stands for my bounty. But who comes here?

Enter Berkeley.

NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1208It is my Lord of Berkeley, as I guess.
BERKELEYto Bolingbroke
line 1209My Lord of Hereford, my message is to you.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1210My lord, my answer is—to “Lancaster”;
line 1211And I am come to seek that name in England.
75line 1212And I must find that title in your tongue
line 1213Before I make reply to aught you say.
BERKELEY
line 1214Mistake me not, my lord, ’tis not my meaning
line 1215To rase one title of your honor out.
line 1216To you, my lord, I come, what lord you will,
80line 1217From the most gracious regent of this land,
line 1218The Duke of York, to know what pricks you on
line 1219To take advantage of the absent time,
line 1220And fright our native peace with self-borne arms.

Enter York.

BOLINGBROKE
line 1221I shall not need transport my words by you.
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 97 85line 1222Here comes his Grace in person.He kneels.
line 1223My noble uncle.
YORK
line 1224Show me thy humble heart and not thy knee,
line 1225Whose duty is deceivable and false.
line 1226BOLINGBROKEstanding My gracious uncle—
90line 1227YORKTut, tut!
line 1228Grace me no grace, nor uncle me no uncle.
line 1229I am no traitor’s uncle, and that word “grace”
line 1230In an ungracious mouth is but profane.
line 1231Why have those banished and forbidden legs
95line 1232Dared once to touch a dust of England’s ground?
line 1233But then, more why: why have they dared to march
line 1234So many miles upon her peaceful bosom,
line 1235Frighting her pale-faced villages with war
line 1236And ostentation of despisèd arms?
100line 1237Com’st thou because the anointed king is hence?
line 1238Why, foolish boy, the King is left behind
line 1239And in my loyal bosom lies his power.
line 1240Were I but now lord of such hot youth
line 1241As when brave Gaunt thy father and myself
105line 1242Rescued the Black Prince, that young Mars of men,
line 1243From forth the ranks of many thousand French,
line 1244O, then, how quickly should this arm of mine,
line 1245Now prisoner to the palsy, chastise thee
line 1246And minister correction to thy fault!
BOLINGBROKE
110line 1247My gracious uncle, let me know my fault.
line 1248On what condition stands it and wherein?
YORK
line 1249Even in condition of the worst degree,
line 1250In gross rebellion and detested treason.
line 1251Thou art a banished man and here art come,
115line 1252Before the expiration of thy time,
line 1253In braving arms against thy sovereign.
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 99 BOLINGBROKE
line 1254As I was banished, I was banished Hereford,
line 1255But as I come, I come for Lancaster.
line 1256And, noble uncle, I beseech your Grace
120line 1257Look on my wrongs with an indifferent eye.
line 1258You are my father, for methinks in you
line 1259I see old Gaunt alive. O, then, my father,
line 1260Will you permit that I shall stand condemned
line 1261A wandering vagabond, my rights and royalties
125line 1262Plucked from my arms perforce and given away
line 1263To upstart unthrifts? Wherefore was I born?
line 1264If that my cousin king be king in England,
line 1265It must be granted I am Duke of Lancaster.
line 1266You have a son, Aumerle, my noble cousin.
130line 1267Had you first died and he been thus trod down,
line 1268He should have found his uncle Gaunt a father
line 1269To rouse his wrongs and chase them to the bay.
line 1270I am denied to sue my livery here,
line 1271And yet my letters patents give me leave.
135line 1272My father’s goods are all distrained and sold,
line 1273And these, and all, are all amiss employed.
line 1274What would you have me do? I am a subject,
line 1275And I challenge law. Attorneys are denied me,
line 1276And therefore personally I lay my claim
140line 1277To my inheritance of free descent.
NORTHUMBERLANDto York
line 1278The noble duke hath been too much abused.
ROSSto York
line 1279It stands your Grace upon to do him right.
WILLOUGHBYto York
line 1280Base men by his endowments are made great.
YORK
line 1281My lords of England, let me tell you this:
145line 1282I have had feeling of my cousin’s wrongs
line 1283And labored all I could to do him right.
line 1284But in this kind to come, in braving arms,
Act 2 Scene 3 - Pg 101 line 1285Be his own carver and cut out his way
line 1286To find out right with wrong, it may not be.
150line 1287And you that do abet him in this kind
line 1288Cherish rebellion and are rebels all.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1289The noble duke hath sworn his coming is
line 1290But for his own, and for the right of that
line 1291We all have strongly sworn to give him aid.
155line 1292And let him never see joy that breaks that oath.
YORK
line 1293Well, well. I see the issue of these arms.
line 1294I cannot mend it, I must needs confess,
line 1295Because my power is weak and all ill-left.
line 1296But if I could, by Him that gave me life,
160line 1297I would attach you all and make you stoop
line 1298Unto the sovereign mercy of the King.
line 1299But since I cannot, be it known unto you
line 1300I do remain as neuter. So fare you well—
line 1301Unless you please to enter in the castle
165line 1302And there repose you for this night.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1303An offer, uncle, that we will accept.
line 1304But we must win your Grace to go with us
line 1305To Bristow Castle, which they say is held
line 1306By Bushy, Bagot, and their complices,
170line 1307The caterpillars of the commonwealth,
line 1308Which I have sworn to weed and pluck away.
YORK
line 1309It may be I will go with you; but yet I’ll pause,
line 1310For I am loath to break our country’s laws.
line 1311Nor friends nor foes, to me welcome you are.
175line 1312Things past redress are now with me past care.

They exit.

Act 2 Scene 4 - Pg 103

Scene 4

Enter Earl of Salisbury and a Welsh Captain.

WELSH CAPTAIN
line 1313My Lord of Salisbury, we have stayed ten days
line 1314And hardly kept our countrymen together,
line 1315And yet we hear no tidings from the King.
line 1316Therefore we will disperse ourselves. Farewell.
SALISBURY
5line 1317Stay yet another day, thou trusty Welshman.
line 1318The King reposeth all his confidence in thee.
WELSH CAPTAIN
line 1319’Tis thought the King is dead. We will not stay.
line 1320The bay trees in our country are all withered,
line 1321And meteors fright the fixèd stars of heaven;
10line 1322The pale-faced moon looks bloody on the Earth,
line 1323And lean-looked prophets whisper fearful change;
line 1324Rich men look sad, and ruffians dance and leap,
line 1325The one in fear to lose what they enjoy,
line 1326The other to enjoy by rage and war.
15line 1327These signs forerun the death or fall of kings.
line 1328Farewell. Our countrymen are gone and fled,
line 1329As well assured Richard their king is dead.

He exits.

SALISBURY
line 1330Ah, Richard! With the eyes of heavy mind
line 1331I see thy glory like a shooting star
20line 1332Fall to the base earth from the firmament.
line 1333Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west,
line 1334Witnessing storms to come, woe, and unrest.
line 1335Thy friends are fled to wait upon thy foes,
line 1336And crossly to thy good all fortune goes.

He exits.


ACT 3


Scene 1

Enter Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, York, Northumberland, with other Lords, and Bushy and Green prisoners.

line 1337BOLINGBROKEBring forth these men.—
line 1338Bushy and Green, I will not vex your souls,
line 1339Since presently your souls must part your bodies,
line 1340With too much urging your pernicious lives,
5line 1341For ’twere no charity; yet to wash your blood
line 1342From off my hands, here in the view of men
line 1343I will unfold some causes of your deaths:
line 1344You have misled a prince, a royal king,
line 1345A happy gentleman in blood and lineaments
10line 1346By you unhappied and disfigured clean.
line 1347You have in manner with your sinful hours
line 1348Made a divorce betwixt his queen and him,
line 1349Broke the possession of a royal bed,
line 1350And stained the beauty of a fair queen’s cheeks
15line 1351With tears drawn from her eyes by your foul wrongs.
line 1352Myself, a prince by fortune of my birth,
line 1353Near to the King in blood, and near in love
line 1354Till you did make him misinterpret me,
line 1355Have stooped my neck under your injuries
20line 1356And sighed my English breath in foreign clouds,
line 1357Eating the bitter bread of banishment,
Act 3 Scene 1 - Pg 109 line 1358Whilst you have fed upon my seigniories,
line 1359Disparked my parks and felled my forest woods,
line 1360From my own windows torn my household coat,
25line 1361Rased out my imprese, leaving me no sign,
line 1362Save men’s opinions and my living blood,
line 1363To show the world I am a gentleman.
line 1364This and much more, much more than twice all
line 1365this,
30line 1366Condemns you to the death.—See them delivered
line 1367over
line 1368To execution and the hand of death.
BUSHY
line 1369More welcome is the stroke of death to me
line 1370Than Bolingbroke to England. Lords, farewell.
GREEN
35line 1371My comfort is that heaven will take our souls
line 1372And plague injustice with the pains of hell.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1373My Lord Northumberland, see them dispatched.Northumberland exits with Bushy and Green.
line 1374To York. Uncle, you say the Queen is at your
line 1375house.
40line 1376For God’s sake, fairly let her be entreated.
line 1377Tell her I send to her my kind commends.
line 1378Take special care my greetings be delivered.
YORK
line 1379A gentleman of mine I have dispatched
line 1380With letters of your love to her at large.
BOLINGBROKE
45line 1381Thanks, gentle uncle.—Come, lords, away,
line 1382To fight with Glendower and his complices.
line 1383A while to work, and after holiday.

They exit.

Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 111

Scene 2

Drums. Flourish and colors. Enter the King, Aumerle, Carlisle, and Soldiers.

KING RICHARD
line 1384Barkloughly Castle call they this at hand?
AUMERLE
line 1385Yea, my lord. How brooks your Grace the air
line 1386After your late tossing on the breaking seas?
KING RICHARD
line 1387Needs must I like it well. I weep for joy
5line 1388To stand upon my kingdom once again.He kneels.
line 1389Dear earth, I do salute thee with my hand,
line 1390Though rebels wound thee with their horses’ hoofs.
line 1391As a long-parted mother with her child
line 1392Plays fondly with her tears and smiles in meeting,
10line 1393So, weeping, smiling, greet I thee, my earth,
line 1394And do thee favors with my royal hands.
line 1395Feed not thy sovereign’s foe, my gentle earth,
line 1396Nor with thy sweets comfort his ravenous sense,
line 1397But let thy spiders, that suck up thy venom,
15line 1398And heavy-gaited toads lie in their way,
line 1399Doing annoyance to the treacherous feet
line 1400Which with usurping steps do trample thee.
line 1401Yield stinging nettles to mine enemies,
line 1402And when they from thy bosom pluck a flower,
20line 1403Guard it, I pray thee, with a lurking adder,
line 1404Whose double tongue may with a mortal touch
line 1405Throw death upon thy sovereign’s enemies.
line 1406Mock not my senseless conjuration, lords.
line 1407This earth shall have a feeling, and these stones
25line 1408Prove armèd soldiers, ere her native king
line 1409Shall falter under foul rebellion’s arms.
CARLISLE
line 1410Fear not, my lord. That power that made you king
line 1411Hath power to keep you king in spite of all.
Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 113 line 1412The means that heavens yield must be embraced
30line 1413And not neglected. Else heaven would,
line 1414And we will not—heaven’s offer we refuse,
line 1415The proffered means of succor and redress.
AUMERLE
line 1416He means, my lord, that we are too remiss,
line 1417Whilst Bolingbroke, through our security,
35line 1418Grows strong and great in substance and in power.
KING RICHARD
line 1419Discomfortable cousin, know’st thou not
line 1420That when the searching eye of heaven is hid
line 1421Behind the globe that lights the lower world,
line 1422Then thieves and robbers range abroad unseen
40line 1423In murders and in outrage boldly here?
line 1424But when from under this terrestrial ball
line 1425He fires the proud tops of the eastern pines
line 1426And darts his light through every guilty hole,
line 1427Then murders, treasons, and detested sins,
45line 1428The cloak of night being plucked from off their
line 1429backs,
line 1430Stand bare and naked, trembling at themselves.
line 1431So when this thief, this traitor Bolingbroke,
line 1432Who all this while hath reveled in the night
50line 1433Whilst we were wand’ring with the Antipodes,
line 1434Shall see us rising in our throne, the east,
line 1435His treasons will sit blushing in his face,
line 1436Not able to endure the sight of day,
line 1437But self-affrighted, tremble at his sin.
55line 1438Not all the water in the rough rude sea
line 1439Can wash the balm off from an anointed king.
line 1440The breath of worldly men cannot depose
line 1441The deputy elected by the Lord.
line 1442For every man that Bolingbroke hath pressed
60line 1443To lift shrewd steel against our golden crown,
line 1444God for His Richard hath in heavenly pay
Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 115 line 1445A glorious angel. Then, if angels fight,
line 1446Weak men must fall, for heaven still guards the right.

Enter Salisbury.

line 1447Welcome, my lord. How far off lies your power?
SALISBURY
65line 1448Nor near nor farther off, my gracious lord,
line 1449Than this weak arm. Discomfort guides my tongue
line 1450And bids me speak of nothing but despair.
line 1451One day too late, I fear me, noble lord,
line 1452Hath clouded all thy happy days on earth.
70line 1453O, call back yesterday, bid time return,
line 1454And thou shalt have twelve thousand fighting men.
line 1455Today, today, unhappy day too late,
line 1456Overthrows thy joys, friends, fortune, and thy state;
line 1457For all the Welshmen, hearing thou wert dead,
75line 1458Are gone to Bolingbroke, dispersed, and fled.
AUMERLE
line 1459Comfort, my liege. Why looks your Grace so pale?
KING RICHARD
line 1460But now the blood of twenty thousand men
line 1461Did triumph in my face, and they are fled;
line 1462And till so much blood thither come again
80line 1463Have I not reason to look pale and dead?
line 1464All souls that will be safe, fly from my side,
line 1465For time hath set a blot upon my pride.
AUMERLE
line 1466Comfort, my liege. Remember who you are.
KING RICHARD
line 1467I had forgot myself. Am I not king?
85line 1468Awake, thou coward majesty, thou sleepest!
line 1469Is not the King’s name twenty thousand names?
line 1470Arm, arm, my name! A puny subject strikes
line 1471At thy great glory. Look not to the ground,
line 1472You favorites of a king. Are we not high?
90line 1473High be our thoughts. I know my Uncle York
Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 117 line 1474Hath power enough to serve our turn.—But who
line 1475comes here?

Enter Scroop.

SCROOP
line 1476More health and happiness betide my liege
line 1477Than can my care-tuned tongue deliver him.
KING RICHARD
95line 1478Mine ear is open and my heart prepared.
line 1479The worst is worldly loss thou canst unfold.
line 1480Say, is my kingdom lost? Why, ’twas my care,
line 1481And what loss is it to be rid of care?
line 1482Strives Bolingbroke to be as great as we?
100line 1483Greater he shall not be. If he serve God,
line 1484We’ll serve Him too and be his fellow so.
line 1485Revolt our subjects? That we cannot mend.
line 1486They break their faith to God as well as us.
line 1487Cry woe, destruction, ruin, and decay.
105line 1488The worst is death, and death will have his day.
SCROOP
line 1489Glad am I that your Highness is so armed
line 1490To bear the tidings of calamity.
line 1491Like an unseasonable stormy day
line 1492Which makes the silver rivers drown their shores
110line 1493As if the world were all dissolved to tears,
line 1494So high above his limits swells the rage
line 1495Of Bolingbroke, covering your fearful land
line 1496With hard bright steel and hearts harder than steel.
line 1497Whitebeards have armed their thin and hairless
115line 1498scalps
line 1499Against thy Majesty; boys with women’s voices
line 1500Strive to speak big and clap their female joints
line 1501In stiff unwieldy arms against thy crown;
line 1502Thy very beadsmen learn to bend their bows
120line 1503Of double-fatal yew against thy state.
line 1504Yea, distaff women manage rusty bills
Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 119 line 1505Against thy seat. Both young and old rebel,
line 1506And all goes worse than I have power to tell.
KING RICHARD
line 1507Too well, too well thou tell’st a tale so ill.
125line 1508Where is the Earl of Wiltshire? Where is Bagot?
line 1509What is become of Bushy? Where is Green,
line 1510That they have let the dangerous enemy
line 1511Measure our confines with such peaceful steps?
line 1512If we prevail, their heads shall pay for it!
130line 1513I warrant they have made peace with Bolingbroke.
SCROOP
line 1514Peace have they made with him indeed, my lord.
KING RICHARD
line 1515O villains, vipers, damned without redemption!
line 1516Dogs easily won to fawn on any man!
line 1517Snakes in my heart blood warmed, that sting my
135line 1518heart!
line 1519Three Judases, each one thrice worse than Judas!
line 1520Would they make peace? Terrible hell
line 1521Make war upon their spotted souls for this!
SCROOP
line 1522Sweet love, I see, changing his property,
140line 1523Turns to the sourest and most deadly hate.
line 1524Again uncurse their souls. Their peace is made
line 1525With heads and not with hands. Those whom you
line 1526curse
line 1527Have felt the worst of death’s destroying wound
145line 1528And lie full low, graved in the hollow ground.
AUMERLE
line 1529Is Bushy, Green, and the Earl of Wiltshire dead?
SCROOP
line 1530Ay, all of them at Bristow lost their heads.
AUMERLE
line 1531Where is the Duke my father with his power?
KING RICHARD
line 1532No matter where. Of comfort no man speak.
Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 121 150line 1533Let’s talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs,
line 1534Make dust our paper, and with rainy eyes
line 1535Write sorrow on the bosom of the earth.
line 1536Let’s choose executors and talk of wills.
line 1537And yet not so, for what can we bequeath
155line 1538Save our deposèd bodies to the ground?
line 1539Our lands, our lives, and all are Bolingbroke’s,
line 1540And nothing can we call our own but death
line 1541And that small model of the barren earth
line 1542Which serves as paste and cover to our bones.
160line 1543For God’s sake, let us sit upon the ground
line 1544And tell sad stories of the death of kings—
line 1545How some have been deposed, some slain in war,
line 1546Some haunted by the ghosts they have deposed,
line 1547Some poisoned by their wives, some sleeping killed,
165line 1548All murdered. For within the hollow crown
line 1549That rounds the mortal temples of a king
line 1550Keeps Death his court, and there the antic sits,
line 1551Scoffing his state and grinning at his pomp,
line 1552Allowing him a breath, a little scene,
170line 1553To monarchize, be feared, and kill with looks,
line 1554Infusing him with self and vain conceit,
line 1555As if this flesh which walls about our life
line 1556Were brass impregnable; and humored thus,
line 1557Comes at the last and with a little pin
175line 1558Bores through his castle wall, and farewell, king!
line 1559Cover your heads, and mock not flesh and blood
line 1560With solemn reverence. Throw away respect,
line 1561Tradition, form, and ceremonious duty,
line 1562For you have but mistook me all this while.
180line 1563I live with bread like you, feel want,
line 1564Taste grief, need friends. Subjected thus,
line 1565How can you say to me I am a king?
CARLISLE
line 1566My lord, wise men ne’er sit and wail their woes,
line 1567But presently prevent the ways to wail.
Act 3 Scene 2 - Pg 123 185line 1568To fear the foe, since fear oppresseth strength,
line 1569Gives in your weakness strength unto your foe,
line 1570And so your follies fight against yourself.
line 1571Fear, and be slain—no worse can come to fight;
line 1572And fight and die is death destroying death,
190line 1573Where fearing dying pays death servile breath.
AUMERLE
line 1574My father hath a power. Inquire of him,
line 1575And learn to make a body of a limb.
KING RICHARD
line 1576Thou chid’st me well.—Proud Bolingbroke, I come
line 1577To change blows with thee for our day of doom.—
195line 1578This ague fit of fear is overblown.
line 1579An easy task it is to win our own.—
line 1580Say, Scroop, where lies our uncle with his power?
line 1581Speak sweetly, man, although thy looks be sour.
SCROOP
line 1582Men judge by the complexion of the sky
200line 1583The state and inclination of the day;
line 1584So may you by my dull and heavy eye.
line 1585My tongue hath but a heavier tale to say.
line 1586I play the torturer by small and small
line 1587To lengthen out the worst that must be spoken.
205line 1588Your uncle York is joined with Bolingbroke,
line 1589And all your northern castles yielded up,
line 1590And all your southern gentlemen in arms
line 1591Upon his party.
line 1592KING RICHARDThou hast said enough.
210line 1593To Aumerle. Beshrew thee, cousin, which didst
line 1594lead me forth
line 1595Of that sweet way I was in to despair.
line 1596What say you now? What comfort have we now?
line 1597By heaven, I’ll hate him everlastingly
215line 1598That bids me be of comfort anymore.
line 1599Go to Flint Castle. There I’ll pine away;
line 1600A king, woe’s slave, shall kingly woe obey.
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 125 line 1601That power I have, discharge, and let them go
line 1602To ear the land that hath some hope to grow,
220line 1603For I have none. Let no man speak again
line 1604To alter this, for counsel is but vain.
AUMERLE
line 1605My liege, one word.
line 1606KING RICHARDHe does me double wrong
line 1607That wounds me with the flatteries of his tongue.
225line 1608Discharge my followers. Let them hence away,
line 1609From Richard’s night to Bolingbroke’s fair day.

They exit.


Scene 3

Enter with Drum and Colors Bolingbroke, York, Northumberland, with Soldiers and Attendants.

BOLINGBROKE
line 1610So that by this intelligence we learn
line 1611The Welshmen are dispersed, and Salisbury
line 1612Is gone to meet the King, who lately landed
line 1613With some few private friends upon this coast.
NORTHUMBERLAND
5line 1614The news is very fair and good, my lord:
line 1615Richard not far from hence hath hid his head.
YORK
line 1616It would beseem the Lord Northumberland
line 1617To say “King Richard.” Alack the heavy day
line 1618When such a sacred king should hide his head!
NORTHUMBERLAND
10line 1619Your Grace mistakes; only to be brief
line 1620Left I his title out.
YORK
line 1621The time hath been, would you have been so brief
line 1622with him,
line 1623He would have been so brief to shorten you,
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 127 15line 1624For taking so the head, your whole head’s length.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1625Mistake not, uncle, further than you should.
YORK
line 1626Take not, good cousin, further than you should,
line 1627Lest you mistake. The heavens are over our heads.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1628I know it, uncle, and oppose not myself
20line 1629Against their will. But who comes here?

Enter Percy.

line 1630Welcome, Harry. What, will not this castle yield?
PERCY
line 1631The castle royally is manned, my lord,
line 1632Against thy entrance.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1633Royally? Why, it contains no king.
25line 1634PERCYYes, my good lord,
line 1635It doth contain a king. King Richard lies
line 1636Within the limits of yon lime and stone,
line 1637And with him are the Lord Aumerle, Lord Salisbury,
line 1638Sir Stephen Scroop, besides a clergyman
30line 1639Of holy reverence—who, I cannot learn.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1640O, belike it is the Bishop of Carlisle.
line 1641BOLINGBROKEto Northumberland Noble lord,
line 1642Go to the rude ribs of that ancient castle,
line 1643Through brazen trumpet send the breath of parley
35line 1644Into his ruined ears, and thus deliver:
line 1645Henry Bolingbroke
line 1646On both his knees doth kiss King Richard’s hand
line 1647And sends allegiance and true faith of heart
line 1648To his most royal person, hither come
40line 1649Even at his feet to lay my arms and power,
line 1650Provided that my banishment repealed
line 1651And lands restored again be freely granted.
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 129 line 1652If not, I’ll use the advantage of my power
line 1653And lay the summer’s dust with showers of blood
45line 1654Rained from the wounds of slaughtered
line 1655Englishmen—
line 1656The which how far off from the mind of Bolingbroke
line 1657It is such crimson tempest should bedrench
line 1658The fresh green lap of fair King Richard’s land,
50line 1659My stooping duty tenderly shall show.
line 1660Go signify as much while here we march
line 1661Upon the grassy carpet of this plain.

Northumberland and Trumpets approach the battlements.

line 1662Let’s march without the noise of threat’ning drum,
line 1663That from this castle’s tottered battlements
55line 1664Our fair appointments may be well perused.
line 1665Methinks King Richard and myself should meet
line 1666With no less terror than the elements
line 1667Of fire and water when their thund’ring shock
line 1668At meeting tears the cloudy cheeks of heaven.
60line 1669Be he the fire, I’ll be the yielding water;
line 1670The rage be his, whilst on the earth I rain
line 1671My waters—on the earth and not on him.
line 1672March on, and mark King Richard how he looks.

Bolingbroke’s Soldiers march, the trumpets sound.

Richard appeareth on the walls with Aumerle.

line 1673See, see, King Richard doth himself appear
65line 1674As doth the blushing discontented sun
line 1675From out the fiery portal of the east
line 1676When he perceives the envious clouds are bent
line 1677To dim his glory and to stain the track
line 1678Of his bright passage to the occident.
YORK
70line 1679Yet looks he like a king. Behold, his eye,
line 1680As bright as is the eagle’s, lightens forth
line 1681Controlling majesty. Alack, alack for woe
line 1682That any harm should stain so fair a show!
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 131 KING RICHARDto Northumberland, below
line 1683We are amazed, and thus long have we stood
75line 1684To watch the fearful bending of thy knee,
line 1685Because we thought ourself thy lawful king.
line 1686An if we be, how dare thy joints forget
line 1687To pay their awful duty to our presence?
line 1688If we be not, show us the hand of God
80line 1689That hath dismissed us from our stewardship,
line 1690For well we know no hand of blood and bone
line 1691Can gripe the sacred handle of our scepter,
line 1692Unless he do profane, steal, or usurp.
line 1693And though you think that all, as you have done,
85line 1694Have torn their souls by turning them from us,
line 1695And we are barren and bereft of friends,
line 1696Yet know, my master, God omnipotent,
line 1697Is mustering in his clouds on our behalf
line 1698Armies of pestilence, and they shall strike
90line 1699Your children yet unborn and unbegot,
line 1700That lift your vassal hands against my head
line 1701And threat the glory of my precious crown.
line 1702Tell Bolingbroke—for yon methinks he stands—
line 1703That every stride he makes upon my land
95line 1704Is dangerous treason. He is come to open
line 1705The purple testament of bleeding war;
line 1706But ere the crown he looks for live in peace,
line 1707Ten thousand bloody crowns of mothers’ sons
line 1708Shall ill become the flower of England’s face,
100line 1709Change the complexion of her maid-pale peace
line 1710To scarlet indignation, and bedew
line 1711Her pastures’ grass with faithful English blood.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1712The King of heaven forbid our lord the King
line 1713Should so with civil and uncivil arms
105line 1714Be rushed upon! Thy thrice-noble cousin,
line 1715Harry Bolingbroke, doth humbly kiss thy hand,
line 1716And by the honorable tomb he swears
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 133 line 1717That stands upon your royal grandsire’s bones,
line 1718And by the royalties of both your bloods,
110line 1719Currents that spring from one most gracious head,
line 1720And by the buried hand of warlike Gaunt,
line 1721And by the worth and honor of himself,
line 1722Comprising all that may be sworn or said,
line 1723His coming hither hath no further scope
115line 1724Than for his lineal royalties, and to beg
line 1725Enfranchisement immediate on his knees;
line 1726Which on thy royal party granted once,
line 1727His glittering arms he will commend to rust,
line 1728His barbèd steeds to stables, and his heart
120line 1729To faithful service of your Majesty.
line 1730This swears he, as he is a prince and just,
line 1731And as I am a gentleman I credit him.
KING RICHARD
line 1732Northumberland, say thus the King returns:
line 1733His noble cousin is right welcome hither,
125line 1734And all the number of his fair demands
line 1735Shall be accomplished without contradiction.
line 1736With all the gracious utterance thou hast,
line 1737Speak to his gentle hearing kind commends.

Northumberland returns to Bolingbroke.

line 1738To Aumerle. We do debase ourselves, cousin, do
130line 1739we not,
line 1740To look so poorly and to speak so fair?
line 1741Shall we call back Northumberland and send
line 1742Defiance to the traitor and so die?
AUMERLE
line 1743No, good my lord, let’s fight with gentle words,
135line 1744Till time lend friends, and friends their helpful
line 1745swords.
KING RICHARD
line 1746O God, O God, that e’er this tongue of mine
line 1747That laid the sentence of dread banishment
line 1748On yon proud man should take it off again
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 135 140line 1749With words of sooth! O, that I were as great
line 1750As is my grief, or lesser than my name!
line 1751Or that I could forget what I have been,
line 1752Or not remember what I must be now.
line 1753Swell’st thou, proud heart? I’ll give thee scope to
145line 1754beat,
line 1755Since foes have scope to beat both thee and me.
AUMERLE
line 1756Northumberland comes back from Bolingbroke.
KING RICHARD
line 1757What must the King do now? Must he submit?
line 1758The King shall do it. Must he be deposed?
150line 1759The King shall be contented. Must he lose
line 1760The name of king? I’ God’s name, let it go.
line 1761I’ll give my jewels for a set of beads,
line 1762My gorgeous palace for a hermitage,
line 1763My gay apparel for an almsman’s gown,
155line 1764My figured goblets for a dish of wood,
line 1765My scepter for a palmer’s walking-staff,
line 1766My subjects for a pair of carvèd saints,
line 1767And my large kingdom for a little grave,
line 1768A little, little grave, an obscure grave;
160line 1769Or I’ll be buried in the King’s highway,
line 1770Some way of common trade, where subjects’ feet
line 1771May hourly trample on their sovereign’s head;
line 1772For on my heart they tread now whilst I live
line 1773And, buried once, why not upon my head?
165line 1774Aumerle, thou weep’st, my tender-hearted cousin.
line 1775We’ll make foul weather with despisèd tears;
line 1776Our sighs and they shall lodge the summer corn
line 1777And make a dearth in this revolting land.
line 1778Or shall we play the wantons with our woes
170line 1779And make some pretty match with shedding tears?
line 1780As thus, to drop them still upon one place
line 1781Till they have fretted us a pair of graves
line 1782Within the earth; and therein laid—there lies
Act 3 Scene 3 - Pg 137 line 1783Two kinsmen digged their graves with weeping eyes.
175line 1784Would not this ill do well? Well, well, I see
line 1785I talk but idly, and you laugh at me.

Northumberland approaches the battlements.

line 1786Most mighty prince, my Lord Northumberland,
line 1787What says King Bolingbroke? Will his Majesty
line 1788Give Richard leave to live till Richard die?
180line 1789You make a leg, and Bolingbroke says ay.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 1790My lord, in the base court he doth attend
line 1791To speak with you, may it please you to come down.
KING RICHARD
line 1792Down, down I come, like glist’ring Phaëton,
line 1793Wanting the manage of unruly jades.
185line 1794In the base court—base court, where kings grow
line 1795base,
line 1796To come at traitors’ calls and do them grace.
line 1797In the base court come down—down court, down
line 1798king,
190line 1799For nightowls shriek where mounting larks should
line 1800sing.

Richard exits above and Northumberland returns to Bolingbroke.

line 1801BOLINGBROKEWhat says his Majesty?
line 1802NORTHUMBERLANDSorrow and grief of heart
line 1803Makes him speak fondly like a frantic man,
195line 1804Yet he is come.

Richard enters below.

line 1805BOLINGBROKEStand all apart,
line 1806And show fair duty to his Majesty.He kneels down.
line 1807My gracious lord.
KING RICHARD
line 1808Fair cousin, you debase your princely knee
200line 1809To make the base earth proud with kissing it.
line 1810Me rather had my heart might feel your love
Act 3 Scene 4 - Pg 139 line 1811Than my unpleased eye see your courtesy.
line 1812Up, cousin, up. Your heart is up, I know,
line 1813Thus high at least indicating his crown, although
205line 1814your knee be low.
BOLINGBROKEstanding
line 1815My gracious lord, I come but for mine own.
KING RICHARD
line 1816Your own is yours, and I am yours, and all.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1817So far be mine, my most redoubted lord,
line 1818As my true service shall deserve your love.
KING RICHARD
210line 1819Well you deserve. They well deserve to have
line 1820That know the strong’st and surest way to get.—
line 1821Uncle, give me your hands. Nay, dry your eyes.
line 1822Tears show their love but want their remedies.—
line 1823Cousin, I am too young to be your father,
215line 1824Though you are old enough to be my heir.
line 1825What you will have I’ll give, and willing too,
line 1826For do we must what force will have us do.
line 1827Set on towards London, cousin, is it so?
BOLINGBROKE
line 1828Yea, my good lord.
220line 1829KING RICHARDThen I must not say no.

They exit.


Scene 4

Enter the Queen with her Ladies-in-waiting.

QUEEN
line 1830What sport shall we devise here in this garden
line 1831To drive away the heavy thought of care?
line 1832LADYMadam, we’ll play at bowls.
QUEEN
line 1833’Twill make me think the world is full of rubs
5line 1834And that my fortune runs against the bias.
Act 3 Scene 4 - Pg 141 line 1835LADYMadam, we’ll dance.
QUEEN
line 1836My legs can keep no measure in delight
line 1837When my poor heart no measure keeps in grief.
line 1838Therefore no dancing, girl. Some other sport.
10line 1839LADYMadam, we’ll tell tales.
QUEEN
line 1840Of sorrow or of joy?
line 1841LADYOf either, madam.
line 1842QUEENOf neither, girl,
line 1843For if of joy, being altogether wanting,
15line 1844It doth remember me the more of sorrow;
line 1845Or if of grief, being altogether had,
line 1846It adds more sorrow to my want of joy.
line 1847For what I have I need not to repeat,
line 1848And what I want it boots not to complain.
LADY
20line 1849Madam, I’ll sing.
line 1850QUEEN’Tis well that thou hast cause,
line 1851But thou shouldst please me better wouldst thou
line 1852weep.
LADY
line 1853I could weep, madam, would it do you good.
QUEEN
25line 1854And I could sing, would weeping do me good,
line 1855And never borrow any tear of thee.

Enter a Gardener and two Servingmen.

line 1856But stay, here come the gardeners.
line 1857Let’s step into the shadow of these trees.
line 1858My wretchedness unto a row of pins,
30line 1859They will talk of state, for everyone doth so
line 1860Against a change. Woe is forerun with woe.

Queen and Ladies step aside.

GARDENERto one Servingman
line 1861Go, bind thou up young dangling apricokes
Act 3 Scene 4 - Pg 143 line 1862Which, like unruly children, make their sire
line 1863Stoop with oppression of their prodigal weight.
35line 1864Give some supportance to the bending twigs.—
line 1865Go thou, and like an executioner
line 1866Cut off the heads of too-fast-growing sprays
line 1867That look too lofty in our commonwealth.
line 1868All must be even in our government.
40line 1869You thus employed, I will go root away
line 1870The noisome weeds which without profit suck
line 1871The soil’s fertility from wholesome flowers.
MAN
line 1872Why should we, in the compass of a pale,
line 1873Keep law and form and due proportion,
45line 1874Showing as in a model our firm estate,
line 1875When our sea-wallèd garden, the whole land,
line 1876Is full of weeds, her fairest flowers choked up,
line 1877Her fruit trees all unpruned, her hedges ruined,
line 1878Her knots disordered, and her wholesome herbs
50line 1879Swarming with caterpillars?
line 1880GARDENERHold thy peace.
line 1881He that hath suffered this disordered spring
line 1882Hath now himself met with the fall of leaf.
line 1883The weeds which his broad-spreading leaves did
55line 1884shelter,
line 1885That seemed in eating him to hold him up,
line 1886Are plucked up, root and all, by Bolingbroke—
line 1887I mean the Earl of Wiltshire, Bushy, Green.
MAN
line 1888What, are they dead?
60line 1889GARDENERThey are. And Bolingbroke
line 1890Hath seized the wasteful king. O, what pity is it
line 1891That he had not so trimmed and dressed his land
line 1892As we this garden! We at time of year
line 1893Do wound the bark, the skin of our fruit trees,
65line 1894Lest, being overproud in sap and blood,
line 1895With too much riches it confound itself.
line 1896Had he done so to great and growing men,
Act 3 Scene 4 - Pg 145 line 1897They might have lived to bear and he to taste
line 1898Their fruits of duty. Superfluous branches
70line 1899We lop away, that bearing boughs may live.
line 1900Had he done so, himself had borne the crown,
line 1901Which waste of idle hours hath quite thrown down.
MAN
line 1902What, think you the King shall be deposed?
GARDENER
line 1903Depressed he is already, and deposed
75line 1904’Tis doubt he will be. Letters came last night
line 1905To a dear friend of the good Duke of York’s
line 1906That tell black tidings.
QUEEN
line 1907O, I am pressed to death through want of speaking!

Stepping forward.

line 1908Thou old Adam’s likeness, set to dress this garden,
80line 1909How dares thy harsh rude tongue sound this
line 1910unpleasing news?
line 1911What Eve, what serpent, hath suggested thee
line 1912To make a second fall of cursèd man?
line 1913Why dost thou say King Richard is deposed?
85line 1914Dar’st thou, thou little better thing than earth,
line 1915Divine his downfall? Say where, when, and how
line 1916Cam’st thou by this ill tidings? Speak, thou wretch!
GARDENER
line 1917Pardon me, madam. Little joy have I
line 1918To breathe this news, yet what I say is true.
90line 1919King Richard, he is in the mighty hold
line 1920Of Bolingbroke. Their fortunes both are weighed.
line 1921In your lord’s scale is nothing but himself
line 1922And some few vanities that make him light,
line 1923But in the balance of great Bolingbroke,
95line 1924Besides himself, are all the English peers,
line 1925And with that odds he weighs King Richard down.
line 1926Post you to London and you will find it so.
line 1927I speak no more than everyone doth know.
Act 3 Scene 4 - Pg 147 QUEEN
line 1928Nimble mischance, that art so light of foot,
100line 1929Doth not thy embassage belong to me,
line 1930And am I last that knows it? O, thou thinkest
line 1931To serve me last that I may longest keep
line 1932Thy sorrow in my breast. Come, ladies, go
line 1933To meet at London London’s king in woe.
105line 1934What, was I born to this, that my sad look
line 1935Should grace the triumph of great Bolingbroke?—
line 1936Gard’ner, for telling me these news of woe,
line 1937Pray God the plants thou graft’st may never grow.

She exits with Ladies.

GARDENER
line 1938Poor queen, so that thy state might be no worse,
110line 1939I would my skill were subject to thy curse.
line 1940Here did she fall a tear. Here in this place
line 1941I’ll set a bank of rue, sour herb of grace.
line 1942Rue even for ruth here shortly shall be seen
line 1943In the remembrance of a weeping queen.

They exit.


ACT 4


Scene 1

Enter Bolingbroke with the Lords Aumerle, Northumberland, Harry Percy, Fitzwater, Surrey, the Bishop of Carlisle, the Abbot of Westminster, and another Lord, Herald, Officers to parliament.

line 1944BOLINGBROKECall forth Bagot.

Enter Officers with Bagot.

line 1945Now, Bagot, freely speak thy mind
line 1946What thou dost know of noble Gloucester’s death,
line 1947Who wrought it with the King, and who performed
5line 1948The bloody office of his timeless end.
BAGOT
line 1949Then set before my face the Lord Aumerle.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1950Cousin, stand forth, and look upon that man.

Aumerle steps forward.

BAGOT
line 1951My Lord Aumerle, I know your daring tongue
line 1952Scorns to unsay what once it hath delivered.
10line 1953In that dead time when Gloucester’s death was
line 1954plotted,
line 1955I heard you say “Is not my arm of length,
line 1956That reacheth from the restful English court
line 1957As far as Calais, to mine uncle’s head?”
15line 1958Amongst much other talk that very time
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 153 line 1959I heard you say that you had rather refuse
line 1960The offer of an hundred thousand crowns
line 1961Than Bolingbroke’s return to England,
line 1962Adding withal how blest this land would be
20line 1963In this your cousin’s death.
line 1964AUMERLEPrinces and noble lords,
line 1965What answer shall I make to this base man?
line 1966Shall I so much dishonor my fair stars
line 1967On equal terms to give him chastisement?
25line 1968Either I must or have mine honor soiled
line 1969With the attainder of his slanderous lips.

He throws down a gage.

line 1970There is my gage, the manual seal of death
line 1971That marks thee out for hell. I say thou liest,
line 1972And will maintain what thou hast said is false
30line 1973In thy heart-blood, though being all too base
line 1974To stain the temper of my knightly sword.
BOLINGBROKE
line 1975Bagot, forbear. Thou shalt not take it up.
AUMERLE
line 1976Excepting one, I would he were the best
line 1977In all this presence that hath moved me so.
FITZWATERthrowing down a gage
35line 1978If that thy valor stand on sympathy,
line 1979There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine.
line 1980By that fair sun which shows me where thou
line 1981stand’st,
line 1982I heard thee say, and vauntingly thou spak’st it,
40line 1983That thou wert cause of noble Gloucester’s death.
line 1984If thou deniest it twenty times, thou liest,
line 1985And I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart,
line 1986Where it was forgèd, with my rapier’s point.
AUMERLEtaking up the gage
line 1987Thou dar’st not, coward, live to see that day.
FITZWATER
45line 1988Now, by my soul, I would it were this hour.
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 155 AUMERLE
line 1989Fitzwater, thou art damned to hell for this.
PERCY
line 1990Aumerle, thou liest! His honor is as true
line 1991In this appeal as thou art all unjust;
line 1992And that thou art so, there I throw my gage,

He throws down a gage.

50line 1993To prove it on thee to the extremest point
line 1994Of mortal breathing. Seize it if thou dar’st.
AUMERLEtaking up the gage
line 1995An if I do not, may my hands rot off
line 1996And never brandish more revengeful steel
line 1997Over the glittering helmet of my foe!
ANOTHER LORDthrowing down a gage
55line 1998I task the earth to the like, forsworn Aumerle,
line 1999And spur thee on with full as many lies
line 2000As may be holloed in thy treacherous ear
line 2001From sun to sun. There is my honor’s pawn.
line 2002Engage it to the trial if thou darest.
AUMERLEtaking up the gage
60line 2003Who sets me else? By heaven, I’ll throw at all!
line 2004I have a thousand spirits in one breast
line 2005To answer twenty thousand such as you.
SURREY
line 2006My Lord Fitzwater, I do remember well
line 2007The very time Aumerle and you did talk.
FITZWATER
65line 2008’Tis very true. You were in presence then,
line 2009And you can witness with me this is true.
SURREY
line 2010As false, by heaven, as heaven itself is true.
FITZWATER
line 2011Surrey, thou liest.
line 2012SURREYDishonorable boy,
70line 2013That lie shall lie so heavy on my sword
line 2014That it shall render vengeance and revenge
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 157 line 2015Till thou the lie-giver and that lie do lie
line 2016In earth as quiet as thy father’s skull.

He throws down a gage.

line 2017In proof whereof, there is my honor’s pawn.
75line 2018Engage it to the trial if thou dar’st.
FITZWATERtaking up the gage
line 2019How fondly dost thou spur a forward horse!
line 2020If I dare eat or drink or breathe or live,
line 2021I dare meet Surrey in a wilderness
line 2022And spit upon him whilst I say he lies,
80line 2023And lies, and lies. There is my bond of faith
line 2024To tie thee to my strong correction.He throws down a gage.
line 2025As I intend to thrive in this new world,
line 2026Aumerle is guilty of my true appeal.—
line 2027Besides, I heard the banished Norfolk say
85line 2028That thou, Aumerle, didst send two of thy men
line 2029To execute the noble duke at Calais.
AUMERLE
line 2030Some honest Christian trust me with a gage.

A Lord hands him a gage.

Aumerle throws it down.

line 2031That Norfolk lies, here do I throw down this,
line 2032If he may be repealed to try his honor.
BOLINGBROKE
90line 2033These differences shall all rest under gage
line 2034Till Norfolk be repealed. Repealed he shall be,
line 2035And though mine enemy, restored again
line 2036To all his lands and seigniories. When he is
line 2037returned,
95line 2038Against Aumerle we will enforce his trial.
CARLISLE
line 2039That honorable day shall never be seen.
line 2040Many a time hath banished Norfolk fought
line 2041For Jesu Christ in glorious Christian field,
line 2042Streaming the ensign of the Christian cross
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 159 100line 2043Against black pagans, Turks, and Saracens;
line 2044And, toiled with works of war, retired himself
line 2045To Italy, and there at Venice gave
line 2046His body to that pleasant country’s earth
line 2047And his pure soul unto his captain, Christ,
105line 2048Under whose colors he had fought so long.
line 2049BOLINGBROKEWhy, bishop, is Norfolk dead?
line 2050CARLISLEAs surely as I live, my lord.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2051Sweet peace conduct his sweet soul to the bosom
line 2052Of good old Abraham! Lords appellants,
110line 2053Your differences shall all rest under gage
line 2054Till we assign you to your days of trial.

Enter York.

YORK
line 2055Great Duke of Lancaster, I come to thee
line 2056From plume-plucked Richard, who with willing
line 2057soul
115line 2058Adopts thee heir, and his high scepter yields
line 2059To the possession of thy royal hand.
line 2060Ascend his throne, descending now from him,
line 2061And long live Henry, fourth of that name!
BOLINGBROKE
line 2062In God’s name, I’ll ascend the regal throne.
120line 2063CARLISLEMarry, God forbid!
line 2064Worst in this royal presence may I speak,
line 2065Yet best beseeming me to speak the truth.
line 2066Would God that any in this noble presence
line 2067Were enough noble to be upright judge
125line 2068Of noble Richard! Then true noblesse would
line 2069Learn him forbearance from so foul a wrong.
line 2070What subject can give sentence on his king?
line 2071And who sits here that is not Richard’s subject?
line 2072Thieves are not judged but they are by to hear,
130line 2073Although apparent guilt be seen in them;
line 2074And shall the figure of God’s majesty,
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 161 line 2075His captain, steward, deputy elect,
line 2076Anointed, crowned, planted many years,
line 2077Be judged by subject and inferior breath,
135line 2078And he himself not present? O, forfend it God
line 2079That in a Christian climate souls refined
line 2080Should show so heinous, black, obscene a deed!
line 2081I speak to subjects and a subject speaks,
line 2082Stirred up by God thus boldly for his king.
140line 2083My Lord of Hereford here, whom you call king,
line 2084Is a foul traitor to proud Hereford’s king,
line 2085And if you crown him, let me prophesy
line 2086The blood of English shall manure the ground
line 2087And future ages groan for this foul act,
145line 2088Peace shall go sleep with Turks and infidels,
line 2089And in this seat of peace tumultuous wars
line 2090Shall kin with kin and kind with kind confound.
line 2091Disorder, horror, fear, and mutiny
line 2092Shall here inhabit, and this land be called
150line 2093The field of Golgotha and dead men’s skulls.
line 2094O, if you raise this house against this house,
line 2095It will the woefullest division prove
line 2096That ever fell upon this cursèd earth!
line 2097Prevent it, resist it, let it not be so,
155line 2098Lest child, child’s children, cry against you woe!
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 2099Well have you argued, sir, and, for your pains,
line 2100Of capital treason we arrest you here.—
line 2101My Lord of Westminster, be it your charge
line 2102To keep him safely till his day of trial.
160line 2103May it please you, lords, to grant the commons’
line 2104suit?
BOLINGBROKE
line 2105Fetch hither Richard, that in common view
line 2106He may surrender. So we shall proceed
line 2107Without suspicion.
165line 2108YORKI will be his conduct.He exits.
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 163 BOLINGBROKE
line 2109Lords, you that here are under our arrest,
line 2110Procure your sureties for your days of answer.
line 2111Little are we beholding to your love
line 2112And little looked for at your helping hands.

Enter Richard and York.

KING RICHARD
170line 2113Alack, why am I sent for to a king
line 2114Before I have shook off the regal thoughts
line 2115Wherewith I reigned? I hardly yet have learned
line 2116To insinuate, flatter, bow, and bend my knee.
line 2117Give sorrow leave awhile to tutor me
175line 2118To this submission. Yet I well remember
line 2119The favors of these men. Were they not mine?
line 2120Did they not sometime cry “All hail” to me?
line 2121So Judas did to Christ, but He in twelve
line 2122Found truth in all but one; I, in twelve thousand,
180line 2123none.
line 2124God save the King! Will no man say “amen”?
line 2125Am I both priest and clerk? Well, then, amen.
line 2126God save the King, although I be not he,
line 2127And yet amen, if heaven do think him me.
185line 2128To do what service am I sent for hither?
YORK
line 2129To do that office of thine own goodwill
line 2130Which tired majesty did make thee offer:
line 2131The resignation of thy state and crown
line 2132To Henry Bolingbroke.
KING RICHARD
190line 2133Give me the crown.—Here, cousin, seize the crown.
line 2134Here, cousin.
line 2135On this side my hand, on that side thine.
line 2136Now is this golden crown like a deep well
line 2137That owes two buckets, filling one another,
195line 2138The emptier ever dancing in the air,
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 165 line 2139The other down, unseen, and full of water.
line 2140That bucket down and full of tears am I,
line 2141Drinking my griefs, whilst you mount up on high.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2142I thought you had been willing to resign.
KING RICHARD
200line 2143My crown I am, but still my griefs are mine.
line 2144You may my glories and my state depose
line 2145But not my griefs; still am I king of those.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2146Part of your cares you give me with your crown.
KING RICHARD
line 2147Your cares set up do not pluck my cares down.
205line 2148My care is loss of care, by old care done;
line 2149Your care is gain of care, by new care won.
line 2150The cares I give I have, though given away.
line 2151They ’tend the crown, yet still with me they stay.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2152Are you contented to resign the crown?
KING RICHARD
210line 2153Ay, no; no, ay; for I must nothing be.
line 2154Therefore no “no,” for I resign to thee.
line 2155Now, mark me how I will undo myself.
line 2156I give this heavy weight from off my head
line 2157And this unwieldy scepter from my hand,
215line 2158The pride of kingly sway from out my heart.
line 2159With mine own tears I wash away my balm,
line 2160With mine own hands I give away my crown,
line 2161With mine own tongue deny my sacred state,
line 2162With mine own breath release all duteous oaths.
220line 2163All pomp and majesty I do forswear.
line 2164My manors, rents, revenues I forgo;
line 2165My acts, decrees, and statutes I deny.
line 2166God pardon all oaths that are broke to me.
line 2167God keep all vows unbroke are made to thee.
225line 2168Make me, that nothing have, with nothing grieved,
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 167 line 2169And thou with all pleased that hast all achieved.
line 2170Long mayst thou live in Richard’s seat to sit,
line 2171And soon lie Richard in an earthy pit.
line 2172God save King Henry, unkinged Richard says,
230line 2173And send him many years of sunshine days.
line 2174What more remains?
NORTHUMBERLANDoffering Richard a paper
line 2175No more, but that you read
line 2176These accusations and these grievous crimes
line 2177Committed by your person and your followers
235line 2178Against the state and profit of this land;
line 2179That, by confessing them, the souls of men
line 2180May deem that you are worthily deposed.
KING RICHARD
line 2181Must I do so? And must I ravel out
line 2182My weaved-up follies? Gentle Northumberland,
240line 2183If thy offenses were upon record,
line 2184Would it not shame thee in so fair a troop
line 2185To read a lecture of them? If thou wouldst,
line 2186There shouldst thou find one heinous article
line 2187Containing the deposing of a king
245line 2188And cracking the strong warrant of an oath,
line 2189Marked with a blot, damned in the book of
line 2190heaven.—
line 2191Nay, all of you that stand and look upon me
line 2192Whilst that my wretchedness doth bait myself,
250line 2193Though some of you, with Pilate, wash your hands,
line 2194Showing an outward pity, yet you Pilates
line 2195Have here delivered me to my sour cross,
line 2196And water cannot wash away your sin.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 2197My lord, dispatch. Read o’er these articles.
KING RICHARD
255line 2198Mine eyes are full of tears; I cannot see.
line 2199And yet salt water blinds them not so much
line 2200But they can see a sort of traitors here.
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 169 line 2201Nay, if I turn mine eyes upon myself,
line 2202I find myself a traitor with the rest,
260line 2203For I have given here my soul’s consent
line 2204T’ undeck the pompous body of a king,
line 2205Made glory base and sovereignty a slave,
line 2206Proud majesty a subject, state a peasant.
line 2207NORTHUMBERLANDMy lord—
KING RICHARD
265line 2208No lord of thine, thou haught insulting man,
line 2209Nor no man’s lord. I have no name, no title,
line 2210No, not that name was given me at the font,
line 2211But ’tis usurped. Alack the heavy day,
line 2212That I have worn so many winters out
270line 2213And know not now what name to call myself.
line 2214O, that I were a mockery king of snow
line 2215Standing before the sun of Bolingbroke,
line 2216To melt myself away in water drops.—
line 2217Good king, great king, and yet not greatly good,
275line 2218An if my word be sterling yet in England,
line 2219Let it command a mirror hither straight,
line 2220That it may show me what a face I have
line 2221Since it is bankrupt of his majesty.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2222Go, some of you, and fetch a looking-glass.

An Attendant exits.

NORTHUMBERLAND
280line 2223Read o’er this paper while the glass doth come.
KING RICHARD
line 2224Fiend, thou torments me ere I come to hell!
BOLINGBROKE
line 2225Urge it no more, my Lord Northumberland.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 2226The commons will not then be satisfied.
KING RICHARD
line 2227They shall be satisfied. I’ll read enough
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 171 285line 2228When I do see the very book indeed
line 2229Where all my sins are writ, and that’s myself.

Enter one with a glass.

line 2230Give me that glass, and therein will I read.

He takes the mirror.

line 2231No deeper wrinkles yet? Hath sorrow struck
line 2232So many blows upon this face of mine
290line 2233And made no deeper wounds? O flatt’ring glass,
line 2234Like to my followers in prosperity,
line 2235Thou dost beguile me. Was this face the face
line 2236That every day under his household roof
line 2237Did keep ten thousand men? Was this the face
295line 2238That like the sun did make beholders wink?
line 2239Is this the face which faced so many follies,
line 2240That was at last outfaced by Bolingbroke?
line 2241A brittle glory shineth in this face.
line 2242As brittle as the glory is the face,

He breaks the mirror.

300line 2243For there it is, cracked in an hundred shivers.—
line 2244Mark, silent king, the moral of this sport:
line 2245How soon my sorrow hath destroyed my face.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2246The shadow of your sorrow hath destroyed
line 2247The shadow of your face.
305line 2248KING RICHARDSay that again.
line 2249The shadow of my sorrow? Ha, let’s see.
line 2250’Tis very true. My grief lies all within;
line 2251And these external manners of laments
line 2252Are merely shadows to the unseen grief
310line 2253That swells with silence in the tortured soul.
line 2254There lies the substance. And I thank thee, king,
line 2255For thy great bounty, that not only giv’st
line 2256Me cause to wail but teachest me the way
line 2257How to lament the cause. I’ll beg one boon
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 173 315line 2258And then be gone and trouble you no more.
line 2259Shall I obtain it?
line 2260BOLINGBROKEName it, fair cousin.
KING RICHARD
line 2261“Fair cousin”? I am greater than a king,
line 2262For when I was a king, my flatterers
320line 2263Were then but subjects. Being now a subject,
line 2264I have a king here to my flatterer.
line 2265Being so great, I have no need to beg.
line 2266BOLINGBROKEYet ask.
line 2267KING RICHARDAnd shall I have?
325line 2268BOLINGBROKEYou shall.
line 2269KING RICHARDThen give me leave to go.
line 2270BOLINGBROKEWhither?
KING RICHARD
line 2271Whither you will, so I were from your sights.
BOLINGBROKE
line 2272Go, some of you, convey him to the Tower.
KING RICHARD
330line 2273O, good! “Convey”? Conveyers are you all,
line 2274That rise thus nimbly by a true king’s fall.

Richard exits with Guards.

BOLINGBROKE
line 2275On Wednesday next, we solemnly set down
line 2276Our coronation. Lords, prepare yourselves.

They exit. The Abbot of Westminster, the Bishop of Carlisle, Aumerle remain.

ABBOT
line 2277A woeful pageant have we here beheld.
CARLISLE
335line 2278The woe’s to come. The children yet unborn
line 2279Shall feel this day as sharp to them as thorn.
AUMERLE
line 2280You holy clergymen, is there no plot
line 2281To rid the realm of this pernicious blot?
Act 4 Scene 1 - Pg 175 line 2282ABBOTMy lord,
340line 2283Before I freely speak my mind herein,
line 2284You shall not only take the sacrament
line 2285To bury mine intents, but also to effect
line 2286Whatever I shall happen to devise.
line 2287I see your brows are full of discontent,
345line 2288Your hearts of sorrow, and your eyes of tears.
line 2289Come home with me to supper. I’ll lay
line 2290A plot shall show us all a merry day.

They exit.


ACT 5


Scene 1

Enter the Queen with her Attendants.

QUEEN
line 2291This way the King will come. This is the way
line 2292To Julius Caesar’s ill-erected tower,
line 2293To whose flint bosom my condemnèd lord
line 2294Is doomed a prisoner by proud Bolingbroke.
5line 2295Here let us rest, if this rebellious earth
line 2296Have any resting for her true king’s queen.

Enter Richard and Guard.

line 2297But soft, but see—or rather do not see
line 2298My fair rose wither; yet look up, behold,
line 2299That you in pity may dissolve to dew
10line 2300And wash him fresh again with true-love tears.—
line 2301Ah, thou, the model where old Troy did stand,
line 2302Thou map of honor, thou King Richard’s tomb,
line 2303And not King Richard! Thou most beauteous inn,
line 2304Why should hard-favored grief be lodged in thee
15line 2305When triumph is become an alehouse guest?
KING RICHARD
line 2306Join not with grief, fair woman, do not so,
line 2307To make my end too sudden. Learn, good soul,
line 2308To think our former state a happy dream,
line 2309From which awaked, the truth of what we are
Act 5 Scene 1 - Pg 181 20line 2310Shows us but this: I am sworn brother, sweet,
line 2311To grim necessity, and he and I
line 2312Will keep a league till death. Hie thee to France
line 2313And cloister thee in some religious house.
line 2314Our holy lives must win a new world’s crown,
25line 2315Which our profane hours here have thrown down.
QUEEN
line 2316What, is my Richard both in shape and mind
line 2317Transformed and weakened? Hath Bolingbroke
line 2318Deposed thine intellect? Hath he been in thy heart?
line 2319The lion dying thrusteth forth his paw
30line 2320And wounds the earth, if nothing else, with rage
line 2321To be o’er-powered; and wilt thou, pupil-like,
line 2322Take the correction, mildly kiss the rod,
line 2323And fawn on rage with base humility,
line 2324Which art a lion and the king of beasts?
KING RICHARD
35line 2325A king of beasts indeed. If aught but beasts,
line 2326I had been still a happy king of men.
line 2327Good sometime queen, prepare thee hence for
line 2328France.
line 2329Think I am dead and that even here thou takest,
40line 2330As from my deathbed, thy last living leave.
line 2331In winter’s tedious nights sit by the fire
line 2332With good old folks, and let them tell thee tales
line 2333Of woeful ages long ago betid;
line 2334And, ere thou bid good night, to quite their griefs,
45line 2335Tell thou the lamentable tale of me,
line 2336And send the hearers weeping to their beds.
line 2337Forwhy the senseless brands will sympathize
line 2338The heavy accent of thy moving tongue,
line 2339And in compassion weep the fire out,
50line 2340And some will mourn in ashes, some coal-black,
line 2341For the deposing of a rightful king.

Enter Northumberland.

Act 5 Scene 1 - Pg 183 NORTHUMBERLAND
line 2342My lord, the mind of Bolingbroke is changed.
line 2343You must to Pomfret, not unto the Tower.—
line 2344And madam, there is order ta’en for you.
55line 2345With all swift speed you must away to France.
KING RICHARD
line 2346Northumberland, thou ladder wherewithal
line 2347The mounting Bolingbroke ascends my throne,
line 2348The time shall not be many hours of age
line 2349More than it is ere foul sin, gathering head,
60line 2350Shall break into corruption. Thou shalt think,
line 2351Though he divide the realm and give thee half,
line 2352It is too little, helping him to all.
line 2353He shall think that thou, which knowest the way
line 2354To plant unrightful kings, wilt know again,
65line 2355Being ne’er so little urged another way,
line 2356To pluck him headlong from the usurped throne.
line 2357The love of wicked men converts to fear,
line 2358That fear to hate, and hate turns one or both
line 2359To worthy danger and deservèd death.
NORTHUMBERLAND
70line 2360My guilt be on my head, and there an end.
line 2361Take leave and part, for you must part forthwith.
KING RICHARD
line 2362Doubly divorced! Bad men, you violate
line 2363A twofold marriage—twixt my crown and me,
line 2364And then betwixt me and my married wife.
75line 2365To Queen. Let me unkiss the oath twixt thee and
line 2366me;
line 2367And yet not so, for with a kiss ’twas made.—
line 2368Part us, Northumberland, I towards the north,
line 2369Where shivering cold and sickness pines the clime;
80line 2370My wife to France, from whence set forth in pomp
line 2371She came adornèd hither like sweet May,
line 2372Sent back like Hallowmas or short’st of day.
Act 5 Scene 1 - Pg 185 QUEEN
line 2373And must we be divided? Must we part?
KING RICHARD
line 2374Ay, hand from hand, my love, and heart from heart.
QUEENto Northumberland
85line 2375Banish us both, and send the King with me.
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 2376That were some love, but little policy.
QUEEN
line 2377Then whither he goes, thither let me go.
KING RICHARD
line 2378So two together weeping make one woe.
line 2379Weep thou for me in France, I for thee here;
90line 2380Better far off than, near, be ne’er the near.
line 2381Go, count thy way with sighs, I mine with groans.
QUEEN
line 2382So longest way shall have the longest moans.
KING RICHARD
line 2383Twice for one step I’ll groan, the way being short,
line 2384And piece the way out with a heavy heart.
95line 2385Come, come, in wooing sorrow let’s be brief,
line 2386Since, wedding it, there is such length in grief.
line 2387One kiss shall stop our mouths, and dumbly part.
line 2388Thus give I mine, and thus take I thy heart.

They kiss.

QUEEN
line 2389Give me mine own again. ’Twere no good part
100line 2390To take on me to keep and kill thy heart.

They kiss.

line 2391So, now I have mine own again, begone,
line 2392That I may strive to kill it with a groan.
KING RICHARD
line 2393We make woe wanton with this fond delay.
line 2394Once more, adieu! The rest let sorrow say.

They exit.

Act 5 Scene 2 - Pg 187

Scene 2

Enter Duke of York and the Duchess.

DUCHESS
line 2395My lord, you told me you would tell the rest,
line 2396When weeping made you break the story off
line 2397Of our two cousins coming into London.
YORK
line 2398Where did I leave?
5line 2399DUCHESSAt that sad stop, my lord,
line 2400Where rude misgoverned hands from windows’ tops
line 2401Threw dust and rubbish on King Richard’s head.
YORK
line 2402Then, as I said, the Duke, great Bolingbroke,
line 2403Mounted upon a hot and fiery steed,
10line 2404Which his aspiring rider seemed to know,
line 2405With slow but stately pace kept on his course,
line 2406Whilst all tongues cried “God save thee,
line 2407Bolingbroke!”
line 2408You would have thought the very windows spake,
15line 2409So many greedy looks of young and old
line 2410Through casements darted their desiring eyes
line 2411Upon his visage, and that all the walls
line 2412With painted imagery had said at once
line 2413“Jesu preserve thee! Welcome, Bolingbroke!”
20line 2414Whilst he, from the one side to the other turning,
line 2415Bareheaded, lower than his proud steed’s neck,
line 2416Bespake them thus: “I thank you, countrymen.”
line 2417And thus still doing, thus he passed along.
DUCHESS
line 2418Alack, poor Richard! Where rode he the whilst?
YORK
25line 2419As in a theater the eyes of men,
line 2420After a well-graced actor leaves the stage,
line 2421Are idly bent on him that enters next,
line 2422Thinking his prattle to be tedious,
Act 5 Scene 2 - Pg 189 line 2423Even so, or with much more contempt, men’s eyes
30line 2424Did scowl on gentle Richard. No man cried “God
line 2425save him!”
line 2426No joyful tongue gave him his welcome home,
line 2427But dust was thrown upon his sacred head,
line 2428Which with such gentle sorrow he shook off,
35line 2429His face still combating with tears and smiles,
line 2430The badges of his grief and patience,
line 2431That had not God for some strong purpose steeled
line 2432The hearts of men, they must perforce have melted,
line 2433And barbarism itself have pitied him.
40line 2434But heaven hath a hand in these events,
line 2435To whose high will we bound our calm contents.
line 2436To Bolingbroke are we sworn subjects now,
line 2437Whose state and honor I for aye allow.

Enter Aumerle.

DUCHESS
line 2438Here comes my son Aumerle.
45line 2439YORKAumerle that was;
line 2440But that is lost for being Richard’s friend,
line 2441And, madam, you must call him Rutland now.
line 2442I am in parliament pledge for his truth
line 2443And lasting fealty to the new-made king.
DUCHESS
50line 2444Welcome, my son. Who are the violets now
line 2445That strew the green lap of the new-come spring?
AUMERLE
line 2446Madam, I know not, nor I greatly care not.
line 2447God knows I had as lief be none as one.
YORK
line 2448Well, bear you well in this new spring of time,
55line 2449Lest you be cropped before you come to prime.
line 2450What news from Oxford? Do these jousts and
line 2451triumphs hold?
line 2452AUMERLEFor aught I know, my lord, they do.
Act 5 Scene 2 - Pg 191 line 2453YORKYou will be there, I know.
60line 2454AUMERLEIf God prevent not, I purpose so.
YORK
line 2455What seal is that that hangs without thy bosom?
line 2456Yea, lookst thou pale? Let me see the writing.
AUMERLE
line 2457My lord, ’tis nothing.
line 2458YORKNo matter, then, who see it.
65line 2459I will be satisfied. Let me see the writing.
AUMERLE
line 2460I do beseech your Grace to pardon me.
line 2461It is a matter of small consequence,
line 2462Which for some reasons I would not have seen.
YORK
line 2463Which for some reasons, sir, I mean to see.
70line 2464I fear, I fear—
line 2465DUCHESSWhat should you fear?
line 2466’Tis nothing but some bond that he is entered into
line 2467For gay apparel ’gainst the triumph day.
YORK
line 2468Bound to himself? What doth he with a bond
75line 2469That he is bound to? Wife, thou art a fool.—
line 2470Boy, let me see the writing.
AUMERLE
line 2471I do beseech you, pardon me. I may not show it.
YORK
line 2472I will be satisfied. Let me see it, I say.

He plucks it out of his bosom and reads it.

YORK
line 2473Treason! Foul treason! Villain, traitor, slave!
80line 2474DUCHESSWhat is the matter, my lord?
YORKcalling offstage
line 2475Ho, who is within there? Saddle my horse!—
line 2476God for his mercy, what treachery is here!
line 2477DUCHESSWhy, what is it, my lord?
Act 5 Scene 2 - Pg 193 YORKcalling offstage
line 2478Give me my boots, I say! Saddle my horse!—
85line 2479Now by mine honor, by my life, by my troth,
line 2480I will appeach the villain.
line 2481DUCHESSWhat is the matter?
line 2482YORKPeace, foolish woman.
DUCHESS
line 2483I will not peace!—What is the matter, Aumerle?
AUMERLE
90line 2484Good mother, be content. It is no more
line 2485Than my poor life must answer.
line 2486DUCHESSThy life answer?
YORKcalling offstage
line 2487Bring me my boots!—I will unto the King.

His man enters with his boots.

DUCHESS
line 2488Strike him, Aumerle! Poor boy, thou art amazed.—
95line 2489Hence, villain, never more come in my sight.
line 2490YORKGive me my boots, I say.

His man helps him on with his boots, then exits.

line 2491DUCHESSWhy, York, what wilt thou do?
line 2492Wilt thou not hide the trespass of thine own?
line 2493Have we more sons? Or are we like to have?
100line 2494Is not my teeming date drunk up with time?
line 2495And wilt thou pluck my fair son from mine age
line 2496And rob me of a happy mother’s name?
line 2497Is he not like thee? Is he not thine own?
line 2498YORKThou fond mad woman,
105line 2499Wilt thou conceal this dark conspiracy?
line 2500A dozen of them here have ta’en the sacrament
line 2501And interchangeably set down their hands
line 2502To kill the King at Oxford.
DUCHESS
line 2503He shall be none. We’ll keep him here.
110line 2504Then what is that to him?
Act 5 Scene 3 - Pg 195 YORK
line 2505Away, fond woman! Were he twenty times my son,
line 2506I would appeach him.
DUCHESS
line 2507Hadst thou groaned for him as I have done,
line 2508Thou wouldst be more pitiful.
115line 2509But now I know thy mind: thou dost suspect
line 2510That I have been disloyal to thy bed
line 2511And that he is a bastard, not thy son.
line 2512Sweet York, sweet husband, be not of that mind!
line 2513He is as like thee as a man may be,
120line 2514Not like to me or any of my kin,
line 2515And yet I love him.
line 2516YORKMake way, unruly woman!

He exits.

DUCHESS
line 2517After, Aumerle! Mount thee upon his horse,
line 2518Spur post, and get before him to the King,
125line 2519And beg thy pardon ere he do accuse thee.
line 2520I’ll not be long behind. Though I be old,
line 2521I doubt not but to ride as fast as York.
line 2522And never will I rise up from the ground
line 2523Till Bolingbroke have pardoned thee. Away, begone!

They exit.


Scene 3

Enter the King with his Nobles.

KING HENRY
line 2524Can no man tell me of my unthrifty son?
line 2525’Tis full three months since I did see him last.
line 2526If any plague hang over us, ’tis he.
line 2527I would to God, my lords, he might be found.
5line 2528Inquire at London, ’mongst the taverns there,
line 2529For there, they say, he daily doth frequent
Act 5 Scene 3 - Pg 197 line 2530With unrestrainèd loose companions,
line 2531Even such, they say, as stand in narrow lanes
line 2532And beat our watch and rob our passengers,
10line 2533While he, young wanton and effeminate boy,
line 2534Takes on the point of honor to support
line 2535So dissolute a crew.
PERCY
line 2536My lord, some two days since I saw the Prince,
line 2537And told him of those triumphs held at Oxford.
15line 2538KING HENRYAnd what said the gallant?
PERCY
line 2539His answer was, he would unto the stews,
line 2540And from the common’st creature pluck a glove
line 2541And wear it as a favor, and with that
line 2542He would unhorse the lustiest challenger.
KING HENRY
20line 2543As dissolute as desperate. Yet through both
line 2544I see some sparks of better hope, which elder years
line 2545May happily bring forth. But who comes here?

Enter Aumerle amazed.

line 2546AUMERLEWhere is the King?
KING HENRY
line 2547What means our cousin, that he stares and looks so
25line 2548wildly?
AUMERLE
line 2549God save your Grace. I do beseech your Majesty
line 2550To have some conference with your Grace alone.
KING HENRYto his Nobles
line 2551Withdraw yourselves, and leave us here alone.

The Nobles exit.

line 2552What is the matter with our cousin now?
AUMERLEkneeling
30line 2553Forever may my knees grow to the earth,
line 2554My tongue cleave to my roof within my mouth,
line 2555Unless a pardon ere I rise or speak.
Act 5 Scene 3 - Pg 199 KING HENRY
line 2556Intended or committed was this fault?
line 2557If on the first, how heinous e’er it be,
35line 2558To win thy after-love I pardon thee.
AUMERLEstanding
line 2559Then give me leave that I may turn the key
line 2560That no man enter till my tale be done.
line 2561KING HENRYHave thy desire.Aumerle locks the door.

The Duke of York knocks at the door and crieth.

YORKwithin
line 2562My liege, beware! Look to thyself!
40line 2563Thou hast a traitor in thy presence there.
line 2564KING HENRYto Aumerle Villain, I’ll make thee safe.

He draws his sword.

AUMERLE
line 2565Stay thy revengeful hand. Thou hast no cause to fear.
YORKwithin
line 2566Open the door, secure, foolhardy king!
line 2567Shall I for love speak treason to thy face?
45line 2568Open the door, or I will break it open.

King Henry unlocks the door.

Enter York.

line 2569KING HENRYWhat is the matter, uncle? Speak.
line 2570Recover breath. Tell us how near is danger
line 2571That we may arm us to encounter it.
YORKgiving King Henry a paper
line 2572Peruse this writing here, and thou shalt know
50line 2573The treason that my haste forbids me show.
AUMERLEto King Henry
line 2574Remember, as thou read’st, thy promise passed.
line 2575I do repent me. Read not my name there.
line 2576My heart is not confederate with my hand.
YORK
line 2577It was, villain, ere thy hand did set it down.—
55line 2578I tore it from the traitor’s bosom, king.
Act 5 Scene 3 - Pg 201 line 2579Fear, and not love, begets his penitence.
line 2580Forget to pity him, lest thy pity prove
line 2581A serpent that will sting thee to the heart.
KING HENRY
line 2582O heinous, strong, and bold conspiracy!
60line 2583O loyal father of a treacherous son,
line 2584Thou sheer, immaculate, and silver fountain
line 2585From whence this stream, through muddy passages,
line 2586Hath held his current and defiled himself,
line 2587Thy overflow of good converts to bad,
65line 2588And thy abundant goodness shall excuse
line 2589This deadly blot in thy digressing son.
YORK
line 2590So shall my virtue be his vice’s bawd,
line 2591And he shall spend mine honor with his shame,
line 2592As thriftless sons their scraping fathers’ gold.
70line 2593Mine honor lives when his dishonor dies,
line 2594Or my shamed life in his dishonor lies.
line 2595Thou kill’st me in his life: giving him breath,
line 2596The traitor lives, the true man’s put to death.
DUCHESSwithin
line 2597What ho, my liege! For God’s sake, let me in!
KING HENRY
75line 2598What shrill-voiced suppliant makes this eager cry?
DUCHESSwithin
line 2599A woman and thy aunt, great king. ’Tis I.
line 2600Speak with me, pity me. Open the door!
line 2601A beggar begs that never begged before.
KING HENRY
line 2602Our scene is altered from a serious thing
80line 2603And now changed to “The Beggar and the King.”—
line 2604My dangerous cousin, let your mother in.
line 2605I know she is come to pray for your foul sin.

Aumerle opens the door.

Duchess of York enters and kneels.

Act 5 Scene 3 - Pg 203 YORK
line 2606If thou do pardon whosoever pray,
line 2607More sins for this forgiveness prosper may.
85line 2608This festered joint cut off, the rest rest sound.
line 2609This let alone will all the rest confound.
DUCHESS
line 2610O king, believe not this hard-hearted man.
line 2611Love loving not itself, none other can.
YORK
line 2612Thou frantic woman, what dost thou make here?
90line 2613Shall thy old dugs once more a traitor rear?
DUCHESS
line 2614Sweet York, be patient.—Hear me, gentle liege.
KING HENRY
line 2615Rise up, good aunt.
line 2616DUCHESSNot yet, I thee beseech.
line 2617Forever will I walk upon my knees
95line 2618And never see day that the happy sees,
line 2619Till thou give joy, until thou bid me joy
line 2620By pardoning Rutland, my transgressing boy.
AUMERLEkneeling
line 2621Unto my mother’s prayers I bend my knee.
YORKkneeling
line 2622Against them both my true joints bended be.
100line 2623Ill mayst thou thrive if thou grant any grace.
DUCHESS
line 2624Pleads he in earnest? Look upon his face.
line 2625His eyes do drop no tears, his prayers are in jest;
line 2626His words come from his mouth, ours from our
line 2627breast.
105line 2628He prays but faintly and would be denied.
line 2629We pray with heart and soul and all beside.
line 2630His weary joints would gladly rise, I know.
line 2631Our knees still kneel till to the ground they grow.
line 2632His prayers are full of false hypocrisy,
110line 2633Ours of true zeal and deep integrity.
Act 5 Scene 3 - Pg 205 line 2634Our prayers do outpray his. Then let them have
line 2635That mercy which true prayer ought to have.
KING HENRY
line 2636Good aunt, stand up.
line 2637DUCHESSNay, do not say “stand up.”
115line 2638Say “pardon” first and afterwards “stand up.”
line 2639An if I were thy nurse, thy tongue to teach,
line 2640“Pardon” should be the first word of thy speech.
line 2641I never longed to hear a word till now.
line 2642Say “pardon,” king; let pity teach thee how.
120line 2643The word is short, but not so short as sweet.
line 2644No word like “pardon” for kings’ mouths so meet.
YORK
line 2645Speak it in French, king. Say “pardonne moy.”
DUCHESS
line 2646Dost thou teach pardon pardon to destroy?
line 2647Ah, my sour husband, my hard-hearted lord,
125line 2648That sets the word itself against the word!
line 2649To King Henry. Speak “pardon” as ’tis current in
line 2650our land;
line 2651The chopping French we do not understand.
line 2652Thine eye begins to speak; set thy tongue there,
130line 2653Or in thy piteous heart plant thou thine ear,
line 2654That, hearing how our plaints and prayers do
line 2655pierce,
line 2656Pity may move thee “pardon” to rehearse.
KING HENRY
line 2657Good aunt, stand up.
135line 2658DUCHESSI do not sue to stand.
line 2659Pardon is all the suit I have in hand.
KING HENRY
line 2660I pardon him, as God shall pardon me.
DUCHESS
line 2661O, happy vantage of a kneeling knee!
line 2662Yet am I sick for fear. Speak it again.
140line 2663Twice saying “pardon” doth not pardon twain,
line 2664But makes one pardon strong.
Act 5 Scene 4 - Pg 207 line 2665KING HENRYI pardon him with all my heart.
line 2666DUCHESSA god on Earth thou art.

They all stand.

KING HENRY
line 2667But for our trusty brother-in-law and the Abbot,
145line 2668With all the rest of that consorted crew,
line 2669Destruction straight shall dog them at the heels.
line 2670Good uncle, help to order several powers
line 2671To Oxford or where’er these traitors are.
line 2672They shall not live within this world, I swear,
150line 2673But I will have them, if I once know where.
line 2674Uncle, farewell,—and cousin, adieu.
line 2675Your mother well hath prayed; and prove you true.
DUCHESSto Aumerle
line 2676Come, my old son. I pray God make thee new.

They exit.


Scene 4

Enter Sir Pierce Exton and Servants.

EXTON
line 2677Didst thou not mark the King, what words he spake,
line 2678“Have I no friend will rid me of this living fear?”
line 2679Was it not so?
line 2680SERVINGMANThese were his very words.
EXTON
5line 2681“Have I no friend?” quoth he. He spake it twice
line 2682And urged it twice together, did he not?
line 2683SERVINGMANHe did.
EXTON
line 2684And speaking it, he wishtly looked on me,
line 2685As who should say “I would thou wert the man
10line 2686That would divorce this terror from my heart”—
line 2687Meaning the king at Pomfret. Come, let’s go.
line 2688I am the King’s friend and will rid his foe.

They exit.

Act 5 Scene 5 - Pg 209

Scene 5

Enter Richard alone.

RICHARD
line 2689I have been studying how I may compare
line 2690This prison where I live unto the world,
line 2691And for because the world is populous
line 2692And here is not a creature but myself,
5line 2693I cannot do it. Yet I’ll hammer it out.
line 2694My brain I’ll prove the female to my soul,
line 2695My soul the father, and these two beget
line 2696A generation of still-breeding thoughts,
line 2697And these same thoughts people this little world,
10line 2698In humors like the people of this world,
line 2699For no thought is contented. The better sort,
line 2700As thoughts of things divine, are intermixed
line 2701With scruples, and do set the word itself
line 2702Against the word, as thus: “Come, little ones,”
15line 2703And then again,
line 2704“It is as hard to come as for a camel
line 2705To thread the postern of a small needle’s eye.”
line 2706Thoughts tending to ambition, they do plot
line 2707Unlikely wonders: how these vain weak nails
20line 2708May tear a passage through the flinty ribs
line 2709Of this hard world, my ragged prison walls,
line 2710And, for they cannot, die in their own pride.
line 2711Thoughts tending to content flatter themselves
line 2712That they are not the first of fortune’s slaves,
25line 2713Nor shall not be the last—like silly beggars
line 2714Who, sitting in the stocks, refuge their shame
line 2715That many have and others must sit there,
line 2716And in this thought they find a kind of ease,
line 2717Bearing their own misfortunes on the back
30line 2718Of such as have before endured the like.
line 2719Thus play I in one person many people,
line 2720And none contented. Sometimes am I king.
Act 5 Scene 5 - Pg 211 line 2721Then treasons make me wish myself a beggar,
line 2722And so I am; then crushing penury
35line 2723Persuades me I was better when a king.
line 2724Then am I kinged again, and by and by
line 2725Think that I am unkinged by Bolingbroke,
line 2726And straight am nothing. But whate’er I be,
line 2727Nor I nor any man that but man is
40line 2728With nothing shall be pleased till he be eased
line 2729With being nothing. The music plays. Music do I
line 2730hear?
line 2731Ha, ha, keep time! How sour sweet music is
line 2732When time is broke and no proportion kept.
45line 2733So is it in the music of men’s lives.
line 2734And here have I the daintiness of ear
line 2735To check time broke in a disordered string;
line 2736But for the concord of my state and time
line 2737Had not an ear to hear my true time broke.
50line 2738I wasted time, and now doth time waste me;
line 2739For now hath time made me his numb’ring clock.
line 2740My thoughts are minutes, and with sighs they jar
line 2741Their watches on unto mine eyes, the outward watch,
line 2742Whereto my finger, like a dial’s point,
55line 2743Is pointing still in cleansing them from tears.
line 2744Now, sir, the sound that tells what hour it is
line 2745Are clamorous groans which strike upon my heart,
line 2746Which is the bell. So sighs and tears and groans
line 2747Show minutes, times, and hours. But my time
60line 2748Runs posting on in Bolingbroke’s proud joy,
line 2749While I stand fooling here, his jack of the clock.
line 2750This music mads me. Let it sound no more,
line 2751For though it have holp madmen to their wits,
line 2752In me it seems it will make wise men mad.
65line 2753Yet blessing on his heart that gives it me,
line 2754For ’tis a sign of love, and love to Richard
line 2755Is a strange brooch in this all-hating world.

Enter a Groom of the stable.

Act 5 Scene 5 - Pg 213 line 2756GROOMHail, royal prince!
line 2757RICHARDThanks, noble peer.
70line 2758The cheapest of us is ten groats too dear.
line 2759What art thou, and how comest thou hither,
line 2760Where no man never comes but that sad dog
line 2761That brings me food to make misfortune live?
GROOM
line 2762I was a poor groom of thy stable, king,
75line 2763When thou wert king; who, traveling towards York,
line 2764With much ado at length have gotten leave
line 2765To look upon my sometime royal master’s face.
line 2766O, how it earned my heart when I beheld
line 2767In London streets, that coronation day,
80line 2768When Bolingbroke rode on roan Barbary,
line 2769That horse that thou so often hast bestrid,
line 2770That horse that I so carefully have dressed.
RICHARD
line 2771Rode he on Barbary? Tell me, gentle friend,
line 2772How went he under him?
GROOM
85line 2773So proudly as if he disdained the ground.
RICHARD
line 2774So proud that Bolingbroke was on his back!
line 2775That jade hath eat bread from my royal hand;
line 2776This hand hath made him proud with clapping him.
line 2777Would he not stumble? Would he not fall down
90line 2778(Since pride must have a fall) and break the neck
line 2779Of that proud man that did usurp his back?
line 2780Forgiveness, horse! Why do I rail on thee,
line 2781Since thou, created to be awed by man,
line 2782Wast born to bear? I was not made a horse,
95line 2783And yet I bear a burden like an ass,
line 2784Spurred, galled, and tired by jauncing Bolingbroke.

Enter one, the Keeper, to Richard with meat.

Act 5 Scene 5 - Pg 215 KEEPERto Groom
line 2785Fellow, give place. Here is no longer stay.
RICHARDto Groom
line 2786If thou love me, ’tis time thou wert away.
GROOM
line 2787What my tongue dares not, that my heart shall say.

Groom exits.

100line 2788KEEPERMy lord, will ’t please you to fall to?
RICHARD
line 2789Taste of it first as thou art wont to do.
KEEPER
line 2790My lord, I dare not. Sir Pierce of Exton,
line 2791Who lately came from the King, commands the
line 2792contrary.
RICHARDattacking the Keeper
105line 2793The devil take Henry of Lancaster and thee!
line 2794Patience is stale, and I am weary of it.
line 2795KEEPERHelp, help, help!

The Murderers Exton and his men rush in.

RICHARD
line 2796How now, what means death in this rude assault?
line 2797Villain, thy own hand yields thy death’s instrument.

Richard seizes a weapon from a Murderer and kills him with it.

110line 2798Go thou and fill another room in hell.

He kills another Murderer.

Here Exton strikes him down.

line 2799That hand shall burn in never-quenching fire
line 2800That staggers thus my person. Exton, thy fierce hand
line 2801Hath with the King’s blood stained the King’s own
line 2802land.
115line 2803Mount, mount, my soul. Thy seat is up on high,
line 2804Whilst my gross flesh sinks downward, here to die.

He dies.

Act 5 Scene 6 - Pg 217 EXTON
line 2805As full of valor as of royal blood.
line 2806Both have I spilled. O, would the deed were good!
line 2807For now the devil that told me I did well
120line 2808Says that this deed is chronicled in hell.
line 2809This dead king to the living king I’ll bear.
line 2810Take hence the rest and give them burial here.

They exit with the bodies.


Scene 6

Enter King Henry, with the Duke of York.

KING HENRY
line 2811Kind uncle York, the latest news we hear
line 2812Is that the rebels have consumed with fire
line 2813Our town of Ciceter in Gloucestershire,
line 2814But whether they be ta’en or slain we hear not.

Enter Northumberland.

5line 2815Welcome, my lord. What is the news?
NORTHUMBERLAND
line 2816First, to thy sacred state wish I all happiness.
line 2817The next news is: I have to London sent
line 2818The heads of Oxford, Salisbury, Blunt, and Kent.
line 2819The manner of their taking may appear
10line 2820At large discoursèd in this paper here.

He gives King Henry a paper.

KING HENRY
line 2821We thank thee, gentle Percy, for thy pains,
line 2822And to thy worth will add right worthy gains.

Enter Lord Fitzwater.

FITZWATER
line 2823My lord, I have from Oxford sent to London
line 2824The heads of Brocas and Sir Bennet Seely,
Act 5 Scene 6 - Pg 219 15line 2825Two of the dangerous consorted traitors
line 2826That sought at Oxford thy dire overthrow.
KING HENRY
line 2827Thy pains, Fitzwater, shall not be forgot.
line 2828Right noble is thy merit, well I wot.

Enter Harry Percy with the Bishop of Carlisle.

PERCY
line 2829The grand conspirator, Abbot of Westminster,
20line 2830With clog of conscience and sour melancholy
line 2831Hath yielded up his body to the grave.
line 2832But here is Carlisle living, to abide
line 2833Thy kingly doom and sentence of his pride.
line 2834KING HENRYCarlisle, this is your doom:
25line 2835Choose out some secret place, some reverend room,
line 2836More than thou hast, and with it joy thy life.
line 2837So, as thou liv’st in peace, die free from strife;
line 2838For, though mine enemy thou hast ever been,
line 2839High sparks of honor in thee have I seen.

Enter Exton and Servingmen with the coffin.

EXTON
30line 2840Great king, within this coffin I present
line 2841Thy buried fear. Herein all breathless lies
line 2842The mightiest of thy greatest enemies,
line 2843Richard of Bourdeaux, by me hither brought.
KING HENRY
line 2844Exton, I thank thee not, for thou hast wrought
35line 2845A deed of slander with thy fatal hand
line 2846Upon my head and all this famous land.
EXTON
line 2847From your own mouth, my lord, did I this deed.
KING HENRY
line 2848They love not poison that do poison need,
line 2849Nor do I thee. Though I did wish him dead,
40line 2850I hate the murderer, love him murderèd.
Act 5 Scene 6 - Pg 221 line 2851The guilt of conscience take thou for thy labor,
line 2852But neither my good word nor princely favor.
line 2853With Cain go wander through shades of night,
line 2854And never show thy head by day nor light.

Exton exits.

45line 2855Lords, I protest my soul is full of woe
line 2856That blood should sprinkle me to make me grow.
line 2857Come mourn with me for what I do lament,
line 2858And put on sullen black incontinent.
line 2859I’ll make a voyage to the Holy Land
50line 2860To wash this blood off from my guilty hand.

Servingmen lift the coffin to carry it out.

line 2861March sadly after. Grace my mournings here
line 2862In weeping after this untimely bier.

They exit, following the coffin.


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